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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(7), 1253; doi:10.3390/ijms18071253

Colonization and Maize Growth Promotion Induced by Phosphate Solubilizing Bacterial Isolates

State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology and College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
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Received: 3 May 2017 / Revised: 6 June 2017 / Accepted: 7 June 2017 / Published: 29 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Botany)
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Abstract

Phosphorus (P) limits the production of maize, one of the major food crops in China. Phosphate-solubilizing bacteria (PSB) have the capacity to solubilize phosphate complexes into plant absorbable and utilizable forms by the process of acidification, chelation, and exchange reactions. In this study, six bacteria, including one Paenibacillus sp. B1 strain, four Pseudomonas sp. strains (B10, B14, SX1, and SX2) and one Sphingobium sp. SX14 strain, were those isolated from the maize rhizosphere and identified based on their 16S rRNA sequences. All strains could solubilize inorganic P (Ca3(PO4)2, FePO4 and AlPO4), and only B1 and B10 organic P (lecithin). All strains, except of SX1, produced IAA, and SX14 and B1 showed the highest level. B1 incited the highest increase in root length and the second increase in shoot and total dry weight, shoot length, and total P and nitrogen (N), along with increased root length. In addition, by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), we found that green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labeled B1 mainly colonized root surfaces and in epidermal and cortical tissue. Importantly, B1 can survive through forming spores under adverse conditions and prolong quality guarantee period of bio-fertilizer. Therefore, it can act as a good substitute for bio-fertilizer to promote agricultural sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: maize growth promotion; phosphate solubilizing bacteria; Paenibacillus; green fluorescent protein maize growth promotion; phosphate solubilizing bacteria; Paenibacillus; green fluorescent protein
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Li, Y.; Liu, X.; Hao, T.; Chen, S. Colonization and Maize Growth Promotion Induced by Phosphate Solubilizing Bacterial Isolates. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1253.

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