The Balloon-Based Manometry Evaluation of Swallowing in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
AbstractThe aim of the study was to analyse the disturbances of the oro-pharyngeal swallowing phase of dysphagia in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with the use of specific manometric measurements and to evaluate their plausible association with the duration of the disease. Seventeen patients with ALS were evaluated with manometric examinations of the oral and pharyngeal part of the gastrointestinal tract. Tests were carried out by using the oesophageal balloon-based method with four balloon transducers located 5 cm away from each other. The following manometric parameters were analysed: the base of tongue contraction (BTC) and the upper oesophageal sphincter pressure (UESP), and the hypopharyngeal suction pump (HSP) as well as the oro-pharyngeal, pharyngeal and hypopharyngeal transit time and average pharyngeal bolus velocity (oropharyngeal transit time (OTT), pharyngeal transit time (PTT), hypopharyngeal transit time (HTT) and average pharyngeal bolus velocity (APBV), respectively). Manomatric examinations during swallowing in patients with ALS showed significant weakness of BTC, a decrease of HSP and a decrease of the velocity of bolus transit inside the pharynx which were particularly marked between the first and the third examination. Manometric examinations of the oro-pharyngeal part of the gastrointestinal tract are useful and supportive methods in the analysis of swallowing disturbances in ALS patients. View Full-Text
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Tomik, J.; Tomik, B.; Gajec, S.; Ceranowicz, P.; Pihut, M.; Olszanecki, R.; Stręk, P.; Składzień, J. The Balloon-Based Manometry Evaluation of Swallowing in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 707.
Tomik J, Tomik B, Gajec S, Ceranowicz P, Pihut M, Olszanecki R, Stręk P, Składzień J. The Balloon-Based Manometry Evaluation of Swallowing in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(4):707.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tomik, Jerzy; Tomik, Barbara; Gajec, Sebastian; Ceranowicz, Piotr; Pihut, Małgorzata; Olszanecki, Rafał; Stręk, Paweł; Składzień, Jacek. 2017. "The Balloon-Based Manometry Evaluation of Swallowing in Patients with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 4: 707.
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