Plasma Triglyceride Levels May Be Modulated by Gene Expression of IQCJ, NXPH1, PHF17 and MYB in Humans
AbstractA genome-wide association study (GWAS) by our group identified loci associated with the plasma triglyceride (TG) response to ω-3 fatty acid (FA) supplementation in IQCJ, NXPH1, PHF17 and MYB. Our aim is to investigate potential mechanisms underlying the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the four genes and TG levels following ω-3 FA supplementation. 208 subjects received 3 g/day of ω-3 FA (1.9–2.2 g of EPA and 1.1 g of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) for six weeks. Plasma TG were measured before and after the intervention. 67 SNPs were selected to increase the density of markers near GWAS hits. Genome-wide expression and methylation analyses were conducted on respectively 30 and 35 participants’ blood sample together with in silico analyses. Two SNPs of IQCJ showed different affinities to splice sites depending on alleles. Expression levels were influenced by genotype for one SNP in NXPH1 and one in MYB. Associations between 12 tagged SNPs of IQCJ, 26 of NXPH1, seven of PHF17 and four of MYB and gene-specific CpG site methylation levels were found. The response of plasma TG to ω-3 FA supplementation may be modulated by the effect of DNA methylation on expression levels of genes revealed by GWAS. View Full-Text
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Vallée Marcotte, B.; Guénard, F.; Cormier, H.; Lemieux, S.; Couture, P.; Rudkowska, I.; Vohl, M.-C. Plasma Triglyceride Levels May Be Modulated by Gene Expression of IQCJ, NXPH1, PHF17 and MYB in Humans. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 257.
Vallée Marcotte B, Guénard F, Cormier H, Lemieux S, Couture P, Rudkowska I, Vohl M-C. Plasma Triglyceride Levels May Be Modulated by Gene Expression of IQCJ, NXPH1, PHF17 and MYB in Humans. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(2):257.Chicago/Turabian Style
Vallée Marcotte, Bastien; Guénard, Frédéric; Cormier, Hubert; Lemieux, Simone; Couture, Patrick; Rudkowska, Iwona; Vohl, Marie-Claude. 2017. "Plasma Triglyceride Levels May Be Modulated by Gene Expression of IQCJ, NXPH1, PHF17 and MYB in Humans." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 2: 257.