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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1538; doi:10.3390/ijms17091538

Extraordinary Adaptive Plasticity of Colorado Potato Beetle: “Ten-Striped Spearman” in the Era of Biotechnological Warfare

1
Plant Physiology Department, Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”, University of Belgrade, Bulevar despota Stefana 142, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
2
Insect Physiology and Biochemistry Department, Institute for Biological Research “Siniša Stanković”, University of Belgrade, Bulevar despota Stefana 142, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia
3
Molecular Plant Pathology Laboratory, USDA-ARS, 10300 Baltimore Avenue, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Massimo Maffei
Received: 29 July 2016 / Revised: 1 September 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 13 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Insect Interactions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1323 KB, uploaded 13 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Expanding from remote areas of Mexico to a worldwide scale, the ten-striped insect, the Colorado potato beetle (CPB, Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say), has risen from being an innocuous beetle to a prominent global pest. A diverse life cycle, phenotypic plasticity, adaptation to adverse conditions, and capability to detoxify or tolerate toxins make this insect appear to be virtually “indestructible”. With increasing advances in molecular biology, tools of biotechnological warfare were deployed to combat CPB. In the last three decades, genetically modified potato has created a new challenge for the beetle. After reviewing hundreds of scientific papers dealing with CPB control, it became clear that even biotechnological means of control, if used alone, would not defeat the Colorado potato beetle. This control measure once again appears to be provoking the potato beetle to exhibit its remarkable adaptability. Nonetheless, the potential for adaptation to these techniques has increased our knowledge of this pest and thus opened possibilities for devising more sustainable CPB management programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: Colorado potato beetle; plant-insect co-evolution; biological control; transgenic potato Colorado potato beetle; plant-insect co-evolution; biological control; transgenic potato
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cingel, A.; Savić, J.; Lazarević, J.; Ćosić, T.; Raspor, M.; Smigocki, A.; Ninković, S. Extraordinary Adaptive Plasticity of Colorado Potato Beetle: “Ten-Striped Spearman” in the Era of Biotechnological Warfare. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1538.

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