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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1441; doi:10.3390/ijms17091441

Property Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity Evaluation of BiGdO3 Nanoparticles under Visible Light Irradiation

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
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Academic Editor: Kevin D. Belfield
Received: 13 July 2016 / Revised: 13 July 2016 / Accepted: 23 August 2016 / Published: 8 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterial Sciences)

Abstract

BiGdO3 nanoparticles were prepared by a solid-state reaction method and applied in photocatalytic degradation of dyes in this study. BiGdO3 was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The results showed that BiGdO3 crystallized well with the fluorite-type structure, a face-centered cubic crystal system and a space group Fm3m 225. The lattice parameter of BiGdO3 was 5.465 angstrom. The band gap of BiGdO3 was estimated to be 2.25 eV. BiGdO3 showed a strong optical absorption during the visible light region. Moreover, the photocatalytic activity of BiGdO3 was evaluated by photocatalytic degradation of direct dyes in aqueous solution under visible light irradiation. BiGdO3 demonstrated excellent photocatalytic activity in degrading Direct Orange 26 (DO-26) or Direct Red 23 (DR-23) under visible light irradiation. The photocatalytic degradation of DO-26 or DR-23 followed the first-order reaction kinetics, and the first-order rate constant was 0.0046 or 0.0023 min−1 with BiGdO3 as catalyst. The degradation intermediates of DO-26 were observed and the possible photocatalytic degradation pathway of DO-26 under visible light irradiation was provided. The effect of various operational parameters on the photocatalytic activity and the stability of BiGdO3 particles were also discussed in detail. BiGdO3/(visible light) photocatalysis system was confirmed to be suitable for textile industry wastewater treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: BiGdO3; solid state reaction; properties characterization; direct dyes; visible light irradiation; photocatalytic degradation BiGdO3; solid state reaction; properties characterization; direct dyes; visible light irradiation; photocatalytic degradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luan, J.; Shen, Y.; Zhang, L.; Guo, N. Property Characterization and Photocatalytic Activity Evaluation of BiGdO3 Nanoparticles under Visible Light Irradiation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1441.

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