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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(8), 1265; doi:10.3390/ijms17081265

The Role of Dietary Inflammatory Index in Cardiovascular Disease, Metabolic Syndrome and Mortality

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona 31008, Spain
2
IDISNA (Navarra Health Research Institute), Pamplona 31008, Spain
3
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERobn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid 28029, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vicki Flood
Received: 14 June 2016 / Revised: 15 July 2016 / Accepted: 28 July 2016 / Published: 3 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Nutritional Epidemiology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1000 KB, uploaded 3 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Inflammation is an underlying pathophysiological process in chronic diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. In fact, a number of systematic reviews have shown the association between inflammatory biomarkers, such as CRP, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-4, or IL-10, and cardio-metabolic diseases. Diet is one of the main lifestyle-related factors which modulates the inflammatory process. Different individual foods and dietary patterns can have a beneficial health effect associated with their anti-inflammatory properties. The dietary inflammatory index (DII) was recently developed to estimate the inflammatory potential of overall diet. The aim of this review is to examine the findings of recent papers that have investigated the association between the DII, cardio-metabolic risk factors and cardiovascular disease. The relevance of the DII score in the association between inflammation and cardio-metabolic diseases is critically appraised, as well as its role in the context of healthy dietary patterns. We conclude that the DII score seems to be a useful tool to appraise the inflammatory capacity of the diet and to better understand the relationships between diet, inflammation, and cardio-metabolic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary inflammatory index; inflammation; cardiovascular disease; type-2 diabetes; metabolic syndrome; mortality dietary inflammatory index; inflammation; cardiovascular disease; type-2 diabetes; metabolic syndrome; mortality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Canela, M.; Bes-Rastrollo, M.; Martínez-González, M.A. The Role of Dietary Inflammatory Index in Cardiovascular Disease, Metabolic Syndrome and Mortality. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1265.

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