Orofacial Manifestations and Temporomandibular Disorders of Systemic Scleroderma: An Observational Study
AbstractScleroderma is a disorder involving oral and facial tissues, with skin hardening, thin lips, deep wrinkles, xerostomia, tongue rigidity, and microstomia. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral manifestations and temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) patients compared with healthy people. Eighty patients (6 men, 74 women) fulfilling ACR/EULAR SSc Criteria were enrolled. A randomly selected group of 80 patients, matched by sex and age served as control group. The examination for TMD signs and symptoms was based on the standardized Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) through a questionnaire and clinical examination. SSc patients complained more frequently (78.8%) of oral symptoms (Xerostomia, dysgeusia, dysphagia and stomatodynia) than controls (28.7%) (χ2 = 40.23 p = 0.001). TMD symptoms (muscle pain on chewing, difficulty in mouth opening, headaches) were complained by 92.5% of SSc patients and by 76.2% of controls (χ2 = 8.012 p = 0.005). At the clinical examination, 85% of SSc patients showed restricted opening versus 20.0% of controls (χ2 = 67.77 p = 0.001), 81.2% of SSc showed reduced right lateral excursion versus 50% of controls (χ2 = 17.316 p = 0.001); 73.8% of SSc showed limited left lateral excursion versus 53.8% of controls (χ2 = 6.924 p = 0.009); and 73.8% of SSc had narrow protrusion versus 56.2% of controls (χ2 = 5.385 p = 0.02). View Full-Text
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Crincoli, V.; Fatone, L.; Fanelli, M.; Rotolo, R.P.; Chialà, A.; Favia, G.; Lapadula, G. Orofacial Manifestations and Temporomandibular Disorders of Systemic Scleroderma: An Observational Study. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1189.
Crincoli V, Fatone L, Fanelli M, Rotolo RP, Chialà A, Favia G, Lapadula G. Orofacial Manifestations and Temporomandibular Disorders of Systemic Scleroderma: An Observational Study. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(7):1189.Chicago/Turabian Style
Crincoli, Vito; Fatone, Laura; Fanelli, Margherita; Rotolo, Rossana P.; Chialà, Angela; Favia, Gianfranco; Lapadula, Giovanni. 2016. "Orofacial Manifestations and Temporomandibular Disorders of Systemic Scleroderma: An Observational Study." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 7: 1189.