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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(4), 607; doi:10.3390/ijms17040607

Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells: A Novel Source for Modeling of Human Genetic Diseases

1
Department of Psychological, Health and Territorial Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, G. d’Annunzio University, Chieti-Pescara, Via dei Vestini 31, 66013 Chieti, Italy
2
Ce.S.I-Met, G. d’Annunzio University, Chieti-Pescara, Via Colle dell’Ara n.1, 66100 Chieti, Italy
3
Department of Medicine and Aging, G. d’Annunzio University, Chieti-Pescara Via dei Vestini 31, 66013 Chieti, Italy
4
Department of Neurosurgery and Brain Repair, Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair, University of South Florida College of Medicine, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wenbin Deng
Received: 18 February 2016 / Revised: 1 April 2016 / Accepted: 11 April 2016 / Published: 22 April 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1009 KB, uploaded 22 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

In recent years, great interest has been devoted to the use of Induced Pluripotent Stem cells (iPS) for modeling of human genetic diseases, due to the possibility of reprogramming somatic cells of affected patients into pluripotent cells, enabling differentiation into several cell types, and allowing investigations into the molecular mechanisms of the disease. However, the protocol of iPS generation still suffers from technical limitations, showing low efficiency, being expensive and time consuming. Amniotic Fluid Stem cells (AFS) represent a potential alternative novel source of stem cells for modeling of human genetic diseases. In fact, by means of prenatal diagnosis, a number of fetuses affected by chromosomal or Mendelian diseases can be identified, and the amniotic fluid collected for genetic testing can be used, after diagnosis, for the isolation, culture and differentiation of AFS cells. This can provide a useful stem cell model for the investigation of the molecular basis of the diagnosed disease without the necessity of producing iPS, since AFS cells show some features of pluripotency and are able to differentiate in cells derived from all three germ layers “in vitro”. In this article, we describe the potential benefits provided by using AFS cells in the modeling of human genetic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: amniotic fluid stem cells; pluripotency; modeling of genetic diseases; drug testing; trans-generational epigenetic modifications amniotic fluid stem cells; pluripotency; modeling of genetic diseases; drug testing; trans-generational epigenetic modifications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Antonucci, I.; Provenzano, M.; Rodrigues, M.; Pantalone, A.; Salini, V.; Ballerini, P.; Borlongan, C.V.; Stuppia, L. Amniotic Fluid Stem Cells: A Novel Source for Modeling of Human Genetic Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 607.

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