Next Article in Journal
Role of Endogenous and Exogenous Tocopherols in the Lipid Stability of Marine Oil Systems: A Review
Next Article in Special Issue
Elevated O3 and TYLCV Infection Reduce the Suitability of Tomato as a Host for the Whitefly Bemisia tabaci
Previous Article in Journal
Gender Differences in the Application of Spanish Criteria for Initiation of Enzyme Replacement Therapy for Fabry Disease in the Fabry Outcome Survey
Previous Article in Special Issue
Insect Gallers and Their Plant Hosts: From Omics Data to Systems Biology
Article Menu
Issue 12 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(12), 1966; doi:10.3390/ijms17121966

Cuticular Lipids as a Cross-Talk among Ants, Plants and Butterflies

Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Via Accademia Albertina 13, 10123 Turin, Italy
Academic Editor: Kun Yan Zhu
Received: 7 August 2016 / Revised: 6 November 2016 / Accepted: 17 November 2016 / Published: 24 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Insect Interactions)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7410 KB, uploaded 28 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Even though insects and plants are distantly related organisms, they developed an integument which is functionally and structurally similar. Besides functioning as a physical barrier to cope with abiotic and biotic stress, this interface, called cuticle, is also a source of chemical signaling. Crucial compounds with this respect are surface lipids and especially cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs). This review is focused on the role of CHCs in fostering multilevel relationships among ants, plants and Lepidoptera (primarily butterflies). Indeed, particular traits of ants as eusocial organisms allowed the evolution and the maintenance of a variety of associations with both plants and animals. Basic concepts of myrmecophilous interactions and chemical deception strategies together with chemical composition, biosynthetic pathways and functions of CHCs as molecular cues of multitrophic systems are provided. Finally, the need to adopt a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach in the survey of complex models is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: ants; plants; butterflies; interaction; chemical signaling; cuticular hydrocarbons; waxes; symbiosis; lipids ants; plants; butterflies; interaction; chemical signaling; cuticular hydrocarbons; waxes; symbiosis; lipids
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Barbero, F. Cuticular Lipids as a Cross-Talk among Ants, Plants and Butterflies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1966.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top