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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(1), 13; doi:10.3390/ijms17010013

Biobanking of Exosomes in the Era of Precision Medicine: Are We There Yet?

1
Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Medical Sciences Campus, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan 00936, Puerto Rico
2
University of Puerto Rico Comprehensive Cancer Center, San Juan 00936, Puerto Rico
3
Diabetes Research Institute, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA
4
Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Católica de Valencia “San Vicente Mártir”, Valencia 46001, Spain
5
Instituto Valenciano de Patología (IVP) de la Universidad Católica de Valencia “San Vicente Mártir”, Centro de Investigación Príncipe Felipe (CIPF), Valencia 46012, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 26 November 2015 / Revised: 14 December 2015 / Accepted: 17 December 2015 / Published: 24 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Precision Medicine—From Bench to Bedside)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [773 KB, uploaded 24 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

The emerge of personalized medicine demands high-quality human biospecimens with appropriate clinical annotation, especially in complex diseases such as cancer, neurodegenerative, cardiovascular, and metabolic alterations in which specimen heterogeneity and individual responses often complicate the development of precision therapeutic programs. In the growing field of extracellular vesicles (EVs) research, exosomes (EXOs)—a particular type of EVs—have been proposed as an advantageous diagnostic tool, as effective delivery vehicles and as therapeutic targets. However, the lack of consensus on isolation methods and rigorous criteria to characterize them puts the term EXO into question at the time that might explain some of the controversial results found in the literature. A lack of response in the biobank network to warrant standard optimized procedures for the isolation, characterization, and storage of EXOs will undoubtedly lead to a waste of resources and failure. This review is aimed at highlighting the increasing importance of EXOs for the clinic, especially in the cancer field, and at summarizing the initiatives taken to improve current isolation procedures, classification criteria, and storage conditions of EXOs as an effort to identify technological demands that biobank platforms face for the incorporation of EXOs and other extracellular vesicle fractions as valuable biospecimens for research. View Full-Text
Keywords: exosome; exogram; biomarker; biobank; precision medicine exosome; exogram; biomarker; biobank; precision medicine
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Mora, E.M.; Álvarez-Cubela, S.; Oltra, E. Biobanking of Exosomes in the Era of Precision Medicine: Are We There Yet? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 13.

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