Human Leukocyte Antigen Class II Alleles Are Associated with Hepatitis C Virus Natural Susceptibility in the Chinese Population
AbstractHuman leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II molecule influences host antigen presentation and anti-viral immune response. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within HLA class II gene were associated with different clinical outcomes of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Three HLA class II SNPs (rs3077, rs2395309 and rs2856718) were genotyped by TaqMan assay among Chinese population, including 350 persistent HCV infection patients, 194 spontaneous viral clearance subjects and 973 HCV-uninfected control subjects. After logistic regression analysis, the results indicated that the rs2856718 TC genotype was significantly associated with the protective effect of the HCV natural susceptibility (adjusted OR: 0.712, 95% CI: 0.554–0.914) when compared with reference TT genotype, and this remained significant after false discovery rate (FDR) correction (p = 0.024). Moreover, the protective effect of rs2856718 was observed in dominant genetic models (adjusted OR: 0.726, 95% CI: 0.574–0.920), and this remained significant after FDR correction (p = 0.024). In stratified analysis, a significant decreased risk was found in rs2856718C allele in the male subgroup (adjusted OR: 0.778, 95% CI: 0.627–0.966) and hemodialysis subgroup (adjusted OR: 0.713, 95% CI: 0.552–0.921). Our results indicated that the genetic variations of rs2856718 within the HLA-DQ gene are associated with the natural susceptibility to HCV infection among the Chinese population. View Full-Text
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Yue, M.; Xu, K.; Wu, M.-P.; Han, Y.-P.; Huang, P.; Peng, Z.-H.; Wang, J.; Su, J.; Yu, R.-B.; Li, J.; Zhang, Y. Human Leukocyte Antigen Class II Alleles Are Associated with Hepatitis C Virus Natural Susceptibility in the Chinese Population. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 16792-16805.
Yue M, Xu K, Wu M-P, Han Y-P, Huang P, Peng Z-H, Wang J, Su J, Yu R-B, Li J, Zhang Y. Human Leukocyte Antigen Class II Alleles Are Associated with Hepatitis C Virus Natural Susceptibility in the Chinese Population. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(8):16792-16805.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yue, Ming; Xu, Ke; Wu, Meng-Ping; Han, Ya-Ping; Huang, Peng; Peng, Zhi-Hang; Wang, Jie; Su, Jing; Yu, Rong-Bin; Li, Jun; Zhang, Yun. 2015. "Human Leukocyte Antigen Class II Alleles Are Associated with Hepatitis C Virus Natural Susceptibility in the Chinese Population." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 8: 16792-16805.