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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(4), 7210-7229; doi:10.3390/ijms16047210

Study of Linkage between Glutathione Pathway and the Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli from Patients’ Swabs

1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Agronomy, Mendel University in Brno, Zemedelska 1, CZ-613 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2
Central European Institute of Technology, Brno University of Technology, Technicka 3058/10, CZ-616 00 Brno, Czech Republic
3
Clinic of Traumatology at the Medical Faculty, Masaryk University of Brno, Ponavka 6, CZ-662 50 Brno, Czech Republic
4
Department of Pathological Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Masaryk University, Komenskeho Namesti 2, CZ-662 43 Brno, Czech Republic
5
Karel Englis College, Sujanovo Nam. 356/1, CZ-602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Received: 4 February 2015 / Revised: 13 March 2015 / Accepted: 18 March 2015 / Published: 31 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2796 KB, uploaded 31 March 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this work, we focused on the differences between bacterial cultures of E. coli obtained from swabs of infectious wounds of patients compared to laboratory E. coli. In addition, blocking of the protein responsible for the synthesis of glutathione (γ-glutamylcysteine synthase—GCL) using 10 mM buthionine sulfoximine was investigated. Each E. coli showed significant differences in resistance to antibiotics. According to the determined resistance, E. coli were divided into experimental groups based on a statistical evaluation of their properties as more resistant and more sensitive. These groups were also used for finding the differences in a dependence of the glutathione pathway on resistance to antibiotics. More sensitive E. coli showed the same kinetics of glutathione synthesis while blocking GCL (Km 0.1 µM), as compared to non-blocking. In addition, the most frequent mutations in genes of glutathione synthetase, glutathione peroxidase and glutathione reductase were observed in this group compared to laboratory E.coli. The group of “more resistant” E. coli exhibited differences in Km between 0.3 and 0.8 µM. The number of mutations compared to the laboratory E. coli was substantially lower compared to the other group. View Full-Text
Keywords: buthionine sulfoximine; Escherichia coli; glutathione; infections; swabs buthionine sulfoximine; Escherichia coli; glutathione; infections; swabs
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Kominkova, M.; Michalek, P.; Cihalova, K.; Guran, R.; Cernei, N.; Nejdl, L.; Smerkova, K.; Dostalova, S.; Chudobova, D.; Heger, Z.; Vesely, R.; Gumulec, J.; Kynicky, J.; Xhaxhiu, K.; Zitka, O.; Adam, V.; Kizek, R. Study of Linkage between Glutathione Pathway and the Antibiotic Resistance of Escherichia coli from Patients’ Swabs. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 7210-7229.

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