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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(12), 29508-29521; doi:10.3390/ijms161226189

Proteomic Investigations into Hemodialysis Therapy

1
Nephrology and Dialysis Institute, Department of Medicine, G. d’Annunzio University, Chieti-Pescara, SS. Annunziata Hospital, Via dei Vestini, 66013 Chieti, Italy
2
Proteomics and Metabonomics Laboratory, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico (IRCCS) S. Lucia Foundation, 00179 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Surgery and Experimental Medicine, Tor Vergata University, 00134 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ali Mobasheri
Received: 30 October 2015 / Revised: 26 November 2015 / Accepted: 2 December 2015 / Published: 10 December 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Proteomic Research)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [392 KB, uploaded 10 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

The retention of a number of solutes that may cause adverse biochemical/biological effects, called uremic toxins, characterizes uremic syndrome. Uremia therapy is based on renal replacement therapy, hemodialysis being the most commonly used modality. The membrane contained in the hemodialyzer represents the ultimate determinant of the success and quality of hemodialysis therapy. Membrane’s performance can be evaluated in terms of removal efficiency for unwanted solutes and excess fluid, and minimization of negative interactions between the membrane material and blood components that define the membrane’s bio(in)compatibility. Given the high concentration of plasma proteins and the complexity of structural functional relationships of this class of molecules, the performance of a membrane is highly influenced by its interaction with the plasma protein repertoire. Proteomic investigations have been increasingly applied to describe the protein uremic milieu, to compare the blood purification efficiency of different dialyzer membranes or different extracorporeal techniques, and to evaluate the adsorption of plasma proteins onto hemodialysis membranes. In this article, we aim to highlight investigations in the hemodialysis setting making use of recent developments in proteomic technologies. Examples are presented of why proteomics may be helpful to nephrology and may possibly affect future directions in renal research. View Full-Text
Keywords: proteomic; hemodialysis; uremic toxins; biocompatibility; dialysis membrane proteomic; hemodialysis; uremic toxins; biocompatibility; dialysis membrane
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonomini, M.; Sirolli, V.; Pieroni, L.; Felaco, P.; Amoroso, L.; Urbani, A. Proteomic Investigations into Hemodialysis Therapy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 29508-29521.

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