Applications of Biosurfactants in the Petroleum Industry and the Remediation of Oil Spills
AbstractPetroleum hydrocarbons are important energy resources. However, petroleum is also a major pollutant of the environment. Contamination by oil and oil products has caused serious harm, and increasing attention has been paid to the development and implementation of innovative technologies for the removal of these contaminants. Biosurfactants have been extensively used in the remediation of water and soil, as well as in the main stages of the oil production chain, such as extraction, transportation, and storage. This diversity of applications is mainly due to advantages such as biodegradability, low toxicity and better functionality under extreme conditions in comparison to synthetic counterparts. Moreover, biosurfactants can be obtained with the use of agro-industrial waste as substrate, which helps reduce overall production costs. The present review describes the potential applications of biosurfactants in the oil industry and the remediation of environmental pollution caused by oil spills. View Full-Text
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Silva, R.C.F.S.; Almeida, D.G.; Rufino, R.D.; Luna, J.M.; Santos, V.A.; Sarubbo, L.A. Applications of Biosurfactants in the Petroleum Industry and the Remediation of Oil Spills. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 12523-12542.
Silva RCFS, Almeida DG, Rufino RD, Luna JM, Santos VA, Sarubbo LA. Applications of Biosurfactants in the Petroleum Industry and the Remediation of Oil Spills. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(7):12523-12542.Chicago/Turabian Style
Silva, Rita C.F.S.; Almeida, Darne G.; Rufino, Raquel D.; Luna, Juliana M.; Santos, Valdemir A.; Sarubbo, Leonie A. 2014. "Applications of Biosurfactants in the Petroleum Industry and the Remediation of Oil Spills." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 7: 12523-12542.