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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(5), 7064-7123; doi:10.3390/ijms15057064
Review

Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Biodegradable Polymers Derived from Diols and Dicarboxylic Acids: From Polyesters to Poly(ester amide)s

1
, 2,*  and 1,*
Received: 27 February 2014; in revised form: 31 March 2014 / Accepted: 31 March 2014 / Published: 25 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Materials)
Abstract: Poly(alkylene dicarboxylate)s constitute a family of biodegradable polymers with increasing interest for both commodity and speciality applications. Most of these polymers can be prepared from biobased diols and dicarboxylic acids such as 1,4-butanediol, succinic acid and carbohydrates. This review provides a current status report concerning synthesis, biodegradation and applications of a series of polymers that cover a wide range of properties, namely, materials from elastomeric to rigid characteristics that are suitable for applications such as hydrogels, soft tissue engineering, drug delivery systems and liquid crystals. Finally, the incorporation of aromatic units and α-amino acids is considered since stiffness of molecular chains and intermolecular interactions can be drastically changed. In fact, poly(ester amide)s derived from naturally occurring amino acids offer great possibilities as biodegradable materials for biomedical applications which are also extensively discussed.
Keywords: poly(alkylene dicarboxylate)s; poly(ester amide)s; α-amino acid derivatives; bio-based polymers; carbohydrate derivatives; biodegradability; scaffolds; biomedical applications poly(alkylene dicarboxylate)s; poly(ester amide)s; α-amino acid derivatives; bio-based polymers; carbohydrate derivatives; biodegradability; scaffolds; biomedical applications
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Díaz, A.; Katsarava, R.; Puiggalí, J. Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Biodegradable Polymers Derived from Diols and Dicarboxylic Acids: From Polyesters to Poly(ester amide)s. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 7064-7123.

AMA Style

Díaz A, Katsarava R, Puiggalí J. Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Biodegradable Polymers Derived from Diols and Dicarboxylic Acids: From Polyesters to Poly(ester amide)s. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2014; 15(5):7064-7123.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Díaz, Angélica; Katsarava, Ramaz; Puiggalí, Jordi. 2014. "Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Biodegradable Polymers Derived from Diols and Dicarboxylic Acids: From Polyesters to Poly(ester amide)s." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 15, no. 5: 7064-7123.


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