Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(7), 8159-8170; doi:10.3390/ijms13078159
Article

Genetic Variation and Population Differentiation in a Medical Herb Houttuynia cordata in China Revealed by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSRs)

1,2,3email and 1,2,3,* email
1 The Department of Life Science, Huaihua University, Huaihua 418008, China 2 Key Laboratory of Hunan Province for Study and Utilization of Ethnic Medicinal Plant Resources, Huaihua 418008, China 3 Key Laboratory of Hunan Higher Education for Hunan-Western Medicinal Plant and Ethnobotany, Huaihua 418008, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 April 2012; in revised form: 14 June 2012 / Accepted: 25 June 2012 / Published: 2 July 2012
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Abstract: Houttuynia cordata is an important traditional Chinese herb with unresolved genetics and taxonomy, which lead to potential problems in the conservation and utilization of the resource. Inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers were used to assess the level and distribution of genetic diversity in 226 individuals from 15 populations of H. cordata in China. ISSR analysis revealed low genetic variations within populations but high genetic differentiations among populations. This genetic structure probably mainly reflects the historical association among populations. Genetic cluster analysis showed that the basal clade is composed of populations from Southwest China, and the other populations have continuous and eastward distributions. The structure of genetic diversity in H. cordata demonstrated that this species might have survived in Southwest China during the glacial age, and subsequently experienced an eastern postglacial expansion. Based on the results of genetic analysis, it was proposed that as many as possible targeted populations for conservation be included.
Keywords: genetic variation; Houttuynia cordata; ISSR; population differentiation

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wei, L.; Wu, X.-J. Genetic Variation and Population Differentiation in a Medical Herb Houttuynia cordata in China Revealed by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSRs). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 8159-8170.

AMA Style

Wei L, Wu X-J. Genetic Variation and Population Differentiation in a Medical Herb Houttuynia cordata in China Revealed by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSRs). International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(7):8159-8170.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wei, Lin; Wu, Xian-Jin. 2012. "Genetic Variation and Population Differentiation in a Medical Herb Houttuynia cordata in China Revealed by Inter-Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSRs)." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 7: 8159-8170.

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