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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(6), 6964-6982; doi:10.3390/ijms13066964

A Novel Chemometric Method for the Prediction of Human Oral Bioavailability

1
College of Science, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China
2
College of Life Science, Northwest A & F University, Yangling 712100, China
3
School of Chemical Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
4
Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Resource Discovery, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2012 / Revised: 29 May 2012 / Accepted: 29 May 2012 / Published: 7 June 2012
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Abstract

Orally administered drugs must overcome several barriers before reaching their target site. Such barriers depend largely upon specific membrane transport systems and intracellular drug-metabolizing enzymes. For the first time, the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and cytochrome P450s, the main line of defense by limiting the oral bioavailability (OB) of drugs, were brought into construction of QSAR modeling for human OB based on 805 structurally diverse drug and drug-like molecules. The linear (multiple linear regression: MLR, and partial least squares regression: PLS) and nonlinear (support-vector machine regression: SVR) methods are used to construct the models with their predictivity verified with five-fold cross-validation and independent external tests. The performance of SVR is slightly better than that of MLR and PLS, as indicated by its determination coefficient (R2) of 0.80 and standard error of estimate (SEE) of 0.31 for test sets. For the MLR and PLS, they are relatively weak, showing prediction abilities of 0.60 and 0.64 for the training set with SEE of 0.40 and 0.31, respectively. Our study indicates that the MLR, PLS and SVR-based in silico models have good potential in facilitating the prediction of oral bioavailability and can be applied in future drug design.
Keywords: oral bioavailability; quantitative structure activity relationship; cytochrome P4503A4 and P4502D6; P-glycoprotein oral bioavailability; quantitative structure activity relationship; cytochrome P4503A4 and P4502D6; P-glycoprotein
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, X.; Zhang, W.; Huang, C.; Li, Y.; Yu, H.; Wang, Y.; Duan, J.; Ling, Y. A Novel Chemometric Method for the Prediction of Human Oral Bioavailability. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 6964-6982.

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