Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(5), 5542-5553; doi:10.3390/ijms13055542
Article

A Practical Chemo-enzymatic Approach to Highly Enantio-Enriched 10-Ethyl-7,8-dihydro-γ-ionone Isomers: A Method for the Synthesis of 4,5-Didehydro-α-Ionone

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 March 2012; in revised form: 23 April 2012 / Accepted: 2 May 2012 / Published: 9 May 2012
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Abstract: An efficient and convenient strategy for the enantioselective synthesis of enantiomerically enriched 10-ethyl-7,8-dihydro-γ-ionone isomers (R)-(+)-7, and (S)-(−)-7 are described utilizing a lipase mediated resolution protocol, and reductive elimination of the secondary allylic alcohol as the key step. The enantioselective and diastereoselective lipase kinetic acetylation of 4-hydroxy-γ-ionone derivatives 6a afforded the 4-acetyl-γ-ionone derivatives (−)-8, and the 4-hydrox-γ-ionone derivatives (+)-6a, which are suitable precursors of the desired products. Stereospecific palladium-mediated elimination of allylic acetate provides the target compounds with an excellent enantiomeric excess and yield. Additionally, the novel 4,5-didehydro-α-ionone 13 is obtained from readily prepared (2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexa-2,4-dien-1-yl) methanol 9. The structures of all newly synthesized compounds have been elucidated by 1H, 13C NMR, GC-MS, and IR spectrometry. These compounds represent a new class of odorants that may be of pivotal relevance in industrial perfumery.
Keywords: timberol; ionone; bio-catalysis; lipase; asymmetric catalysis

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MDPI and ACS Style

Barakat, A.; Al-Majid, A.M.; Mabkhot, Y.N.; Al-Othman, Z.A. A Practical Chemo-enzymatic Approach to Highly Enantio-Enriched 10-Ethyl-7,8-dihydro-γ-ionone Isomers: A Method for the Synthesis of 4,5-Didehydro-α-Ionone. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 5542-5553.

AMA Style

Barakat A, Al-Majid AM, Mabkhot YN, Al-Othman ZA. A Practical Chemo-enzymatic Approach to Highly Enantio-Enriched 10-Ethyl-7,8-dihydro-γ-ionone Isomers: A Method for the Synthesis of 4,5-Didehydro-α-Ionone. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(5):5542-5553.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Barakat, Assem; Al-Majid, Abdullah M.; Mabkhot, Yahia Nasser; Al-Othman, Zeid A. 2012. "A Practical Chemo-enzymatic Approach to Highly Enantio-Enriched 10-Ethyl-7,8-dihydro-γ-ionone Isomers: A Method for the Synthesis of 4,5-Didehydro-α-Ionone." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 5: 5542-5553.

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