Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13(10), 13275-13293; doi:10.3390/ijms131013275
Article

The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) on the Properties of ZnO Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

1 Advanced Material and Nanotechnology Laboratory (AMNL), Institute of Advanced Technology (ITMA), Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia 2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 July 2012; in revised form: 16 September 2012 / Accepted: 17 September 2012 / Published: 16 October 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Material Sciences and Nanotechnology)
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Abstract: ZnO nanostructures were synthesized by hydrothermal method using different molar ratios of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) and Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as structure directing agents. The effect of surfactants on the morphology of the ZnO crystals was investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The results indicate that the mixture of cationic-anionic surfactants can significantly modify the shape and size of ZnO particles. Various structures such as flakes, sheets, rods, spheres, flowers and triangular-like particles sized from micro to nano were obtained. In order to examine the possible changes in other properties of ZnO, characterizations like powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), thermogravimetric and differential thermogravimetric analysis (TGA-DTG), FTIR, surface area and porosity and UV-visible spectroscopy analysis were also studied and discussed.
Keywords: zinc oxide; sodium dodecyl sulfate; cetyltrimethylammonium bromide; hydrothermal synthesis

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ramimoghadam, D.; Hussein, M.Z.B.; Taufiq-Yap, Y.H. The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) on the Properties of ZnO Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2012, 13, 13275-13293.

AMA Style

Ramimoghadam D, Hussein MZB, Taufiq-Yap YH. The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) on the Properties of ZnO Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2012; 13(10):13275-13293.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ramimoghadam, Donya; Hussein, Mohd Z.B.; Taufiq-Yap, Yun H. 2012. "The Effect of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate (SDS) and Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB) on the Properties of ZnO Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 13, no. 10: 13275-13293.

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