Biodiversity within Melissa officinalis: Variability of Bioactive Compounds in a Cultivated Collection
AbstractPhytochemical characters were evaluated in a five-year-old lemon balm collection consisting of 15 and 13 subspecies officinalis and altissima accessions, respectively. Stems were lower in essential oil than leaves. First cut leaves (June) gave more oil than those of the second cut (August). Subspecies officinalis plants had leaf oils rich in geranial, neral and citronellal in various proportions in the first cut. However, in the second cut the oils from all accessions appeared very similar with 80–90% geranial plus neral. Leaf oils of subsp. altissima contained sesquiterpenes (β-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, germacrene D) and also further monoterpenes in the second cut. Leaves had higher rosmarinic acid (RA) contents than stems. More RA was in subsp. officinalis than subsp. altissima leaves. First cut leaves were richer in RA than those from second cut. Total phenolics and antioxidant parameters showed that lemon balm is a valuable source of plant antioxidants. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
PDF-Document (PDF, 218 KB)
Scifeed alert for new publicationsNever miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
- Get alerts for new papers matching your research
- Find out the new papers from selected authors
- Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
- Define your Scifeed now
Chizzola, R.; Lohwasser, U.; Franz, C. Biodiversity within Melissa officinalis: Variability of Bioactive Compounds in a Cultivated Collection. Molecules 2018, 23, 294.
Chizzola R, Lohwasser U, Franz C. Biodiversity within Melissa officinalis: Variability of Bioactive Compounds in a Cultivated Collection. Molecules. 2018; 23(2):294.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chizzola, Remigius; Lohwasser, Ulrike; Franz, Chlodwig. 2018. "Biodiversity within Melissa officinalis: Variability of Bioactive Compounds in a Cultivated Collection." Molecules 23, no. 2: 294.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.