Sediment Carbon Accumulation in Southern Latitude Saltmarsh Communities of Tasmania, Australia
AbstractCarbon sequestration values of wetlands are greatest in their sediments. Northern hemisphere research dominates the earlier saltmarsh carbon sequestration literature, recently augmented by analyses across mainland Australia where species assemblages, catchment histories and environmental settings differ. No previous assessment has been made for Tasmania. Carbon stores and accumulation rates in saltmarsh sediments of the Rubicon estuary, Tasmania, were investigated. Carbon was determined from sediment cores by Elemental Analyser, combined with analysis of organic content and bulk density. Carbon accumulation was determined using short-term and long-term sediment accretion indicators. Results showed carbon densities to be lower than global averages, with variation found between carbon stores of native and introduced species zones. Cores from introduced Spartina anglica indicated a trend of higher sediment carbon percentages relative to cores from native saltmarsh Juncus kraussii and Sarcocornia quinqueflora, and in finer grain sizes. Sediment carbon stock of 30 cm depths was 49.5 Mg C ha−1 for native saltmarsh and 55.5 Mg C ha−1 for Spartina. Carbon percentages were low owing to high catchment inorganic sediment yields, however carbon accumulation rates were similar to global averages, particularly under Spartina. Covering 85% of saltmarsh area in the estuary, Spartina contributes the majority to carbon stores, potentially indicating a previously unrecognized value for this invasive species in Australia. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Ellison, J.C.; Beasy, K.M. Sediment Carbon Accumulation in Southern Latitude Saltmarsh Communities of Tasmania, Australia. Biology 2018, 7, 27.
Ellison JC, Beasy KM. Sediment Carbon Accumulation in Southern Latitude Saltmarsh Communities of Tasmania, Australia. Biology. 2018; 7(2):27.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ellison, Joanna C.; Beasy, Kim M. 2018. "Sediment Carbon Accumulation in Southern Latitude Saltmarsh Communities of Tasmania, Australia." Biology 7, no. 2: 27.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.