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Challenges 2018, 9(2), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/challe9020032

The Challenge of Promoting the Health of Refugees and Migrants in Europe: A Review of the Literature and Urgent Policy Options

1
Unit for Health Promotion Research, University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Vej 9-10, DK-6700 Esjberg, Denmark
2
Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
Received: 3 July 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 31 July 2018 / Published: 3 August 2018
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Abstract

This paper provides a rapid review of the literature on the current knowledge on health promotion for improved refugee and migrant health in the European region. The aim of the paper is to identify implications for future policy and practice. The literature review used standard systematic methodologies to search databases followed by data extraction and synthesis. General sources of grey literature were also included in the review as well as consultations with people working in the field. The paper identifies the lack of knowledge on how to engage with refugees and migrants in a culturally competent way, to address fear and violence and the application of health literacy. The review of the literature also identifies evidence to support peer education, working with community-based organisations and the tailoring of interventions to the needs of refugees and migrants. The paper concludes with a discussion of the technical content and future implications for the implementation of health promotion programs. View Full-Text
Keywords: health promotion; migrants; refugees; Europe; awareness raising; community capacity; health policy; cultural competence health promotion; migrants; refugees; Europe; awareness raising; community capacity; health policy; cultural competence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Laverack, G. The Challenge of Promoting the Health of Refugees and Migrants in Europe: A Review of the Literature and Urgent Policy Options. Challenges 2018, 9, 32.

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