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Antioxidants 2013, 2(3), 167-180; doi:10.3390/antiox2030167
Article

Lipophilic Constituents of Rumex vesicarius L. and Rumex dentatus L.

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Received: 15 July 2013; in revised form: 12 August 2013 / Accepted: 2 September 2013 / Published: 16 September 2013
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Abstract: Rumex dentatus L. and Rumex vesicarius L., of the family Polygonaceae, are edible herbs growing wild in Egypt. Their lipoid constituents were examined by both liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) and by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Their essential oil compositions consisted mainly of thujene, limonene, fenchon, estragole, and anethole but at largely different concentration. Fatty acid compositions were similar among the two species and consisting of palmitic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids, with R. vesicarius containing much higher level of omega-3-fatty acids. Both of the crude lipid extracts of the two species showed strong antioxidant activity as a radical quenching agent against 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) systems. Antioxidant activities were mostly associated with the polar lipid fractions. High performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC), both in the normal and reversed phase,as well as liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) in the positive and negative electrospray ionization (ESI), showed unique chemical profile for each species that can be useful for species identification and quality control of herbal drug formulations. R. vesicarius was characterized by abundances of flavonoids and R. dentatus was abundant in anthraquinones and chromones.
Keywords: antioxidants; omega fatty acids; Egypt; flavonoids; quinones antioxidants; omega fatty acids; Egypt; flavonoids; quinones
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Elfotoh, M.A.A.; Shams, K.A.; Anthony, K.P.; Shahat, A.A.; Ibrahim, M.T.; Abdelhady, N.M.; Azim, N.S.A.; Hammouda, F.M.; El-Missiry, M.M.; Saleh, M.A. Lipophilic Constituents of Rumex vesicarius L. and Rumex dentatus L.. Antioxidants 2013, 2, 167-180.

AMA Style

Elfotoh MAA, Shams KA, Anthony KP, Shahat AA, Ibrahim MT, Abdelhady NM, Azim NSA, Hammouda FM, El-Missiry MM, Saleh MA. Lipophilic Constituents of Rumex vesicarius L. and Rumex dentatus L.. Antioxidants. 2013; 2(3):167-180.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Elfotoh, Mona A.A.; Shams, Khaled A.; Anthony, Kevin P.; Shahat, Abdelaaty A.; Ibrahim, Magda T.; Abdelhady, Nevein M.; Azim, Nahla S.A.; Hammouda, Faiza M.; El-Missiry, Mostafa M.; Saleh, Mahmoud A. 2013. "Lipophilic Constituents of Rumex vesicarius L. and Rumex dentatus L.." Antioxidants 2, no. 3: 167-180.

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