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Soc. Sci. 2016, 5(1), 6; doi:10.3390/socsci5010006

Voluntary Turnover: A Means of Reducing Perceived Job Insecurity? A Propensity Score Matching Procedure Applied on Swiss Data

FORS, Swiss Centre of Expertise in the Social Sciences, University of Lausanne, Geopolis, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
Academic Editor: Martin J. Bull
Received: 27 October 2015 / Revised: 17 December 2015 / Accepted: 22 January 2016 / Published: 28 January 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [256 KB, uploaded 28 January 2016]

Abstract

The investigation of job insecurity has been a growing field of research. However, little is known about the strategies employees adopt to reduce job insecurity. Former research has shown that employees who perceive high job insecurity tend to engage in voluntary turnover. Yet, we do not know whether such a strategy is successful in reducing perceived job insecurity. Based on the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), a general population survey in Switzerland, a propensity score matching procedure is applied to investigate whether voluntary turnover successfully reduces feelings of job insecurity for employees who previously perceived an above-average level of job insecurity. Assuming that individual and family conditions are important factors explaining the success of this strategy it is distinguished between men and women with high, equally shared, or low financial responsibilities and of different age and educational groups. The results show that voluntary turnover indeed reduces perceived job insecurity. Whereas the individual factors do not moderate this relationship, the level of financial responsibilities does: employees who equally share financial responsibilities with their partners are most successful in reducing perceived job insecurity through voluntary turnover. The use of a propensity score matching procedure has proven fruitful as the bias caused by differing pre-turnover characteristics can be reduced considerably. View Full-Text
Keywords: job insecurity; coping; voluntary turnover; family; Switzerland; Swiss Household Panel; propensity score matching job insecurity; coping; voluntary turnover; family; Switzerland; Swiss Household Panel; propensity score matching
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lebert, F. Voluntary Turnover: A Means of Reducing Perceived Job Insecurity? A Propensity Score Matching Procedure Applied on Swiss Data. Soc. Sci. 2016, 5, 6.

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