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Catalysts 2013, 3(4), 922-941; doi:10.3390/catal3040922
Article

Rate Parameter Distributions for Isobutane Dehydrogenation and Isobutene Dimerization and Desorption over HZSM-5

1,* , 1
, 1
 and 2
Received: 10 October 2013; in revised form: 1 November 2013 / Accepted: 4 November 2013 / Published: 15 November 2013
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Abstract: Deconvolution of the evolved isobutene data obtained from temperature-programmed, low-pressure steady-state conversion of isobutane over HZSM-5 has yielded apparent activation energies for isobutane dehydrogenation, isobutene dimerization and desorption. Intrinsic activation energies and associated isobutane collision frequencies are also estimated. A combination of wavelet shrinkage denoising, followed by time-varying flexible least squares of the evolved mass-spectral abundance data over the temperature range 150 to 450 °C, provides accurate, temperature-dependent, apparent rate parameters. Intrinsic activation energies for isobutane dehydrogenation range from 86 to 235.2 kJ mol−1 (average = 150 ± 42 kJ mol−1) for isobutene dimerization from 48.3 to 267 kJ mol−1 (average = 112 ± 74 kJ mol−1) and for isobutene desorption from 64.4 to 97.8 kJ mol−1 (average = 77 ± 12 kJ mol−1). These wide ranges reflect the heterogeneity and acidity of the zeolite surface and structure. Seven distinct locations and sites, including Lewis and Brønsted acid sites can be identified in the profiles. Isobutane collision frequencies range from 10−0.4 to 1022.2 s−1 and are proportional to the accessibility of active sites, within the HZSM-5 micropores or on the external surface.
Keywords: isobutane dehydrogenation; isobutene dimerization; isobutene desorption; HZSM-5 catalysis; wavelet shrinkage denoising; time-varying flexible least squares isobutane dehydrogenation; isobutene dimerization; isobutene desorption; HZSM-5 catalysis; wavelet shrinkage denoising; time-varying flexible least squares
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brown, T.C.; Miron, D.J.; Alanazi, A.K.; Le Minh, C. Rate Parameter Distributions for Isobutane Dehydrogenation and Isobutene Dimerization and Desorption over HZSM-5. Catalysts 2013, 3, 922-941.

AMA Style

Brown TC, Miron DJ, Alanazi AK, Le Minh C. Rate Parameter Distributions for Isobutane Dehydrogenation and Isobutene Dimerization and Desorption over HZSM-5. Catalysts. 2013; 3(4):922-941.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brown, Trevor C.; Miron, David J.; Alanazi, Abdullah K.; Le Minh, Cam. 2013. "Rate Parameter Distributions for Isobutane Dehydrogenation and Isobutene Dimerization and Desorption over HZSM-5." Catalysts 3, no. 4: 922-941.


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