Astrobiology is a multidisciplinary topic that brings together many branches of science, including astronomy, astrochemistry, astrobiology technology, biology, chemistry of life, development of life-forms in other environments, exoplanets, extremophiles, geomicrobiology, habitable zones, humans in space, life’s origins, Mars, meteorites, microbial communities, origin of complex organics, panspermia, planetary protection, prebiotic climates, public engagement, SETI. ASB6 will address these topics and more.
2015 is an important year for all of us. We are taking stock of the accomplishments based on the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were adopted in the year 2000. The results of these efforts are immensely positive. In most countries around the globe, extreme poverty and hunger have been reduced, and infant, child, and maternal mortality have decreased. Girls have better access to primary schooling, progress has been made in slowing the spread of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis, access to safe drinking water and sanitation has improved, and more information and knowledge is available to more people via the internet than ever before. However, not all goals have been achieved and some regions have benefitted less, particularly Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia.
The period marked by the MDGs will end in December 2015. As part of the post-2015 development agenda, the international community is working intensely on a new set of goals, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), to be adopted at the 70th Session of the UN General Assembly in the second half of September 2015. The new set of goals, despite their similarity in some aspects, go beyond the MDGs in that (a) the formulation and focus of the goals are more encompassing, explicitly requiring active participation from wealthy and poor nations alike, and that (b) the overall focus is shifting away from ameliorating the situation of poor and underdeveloped regions and societies toward improving the sustainability of global economic and social development while concurrently protecting the environment.
The Evolutionary Biology Meeting at Marseilles is an annual congress which has gathered high level experts in evolutionary biology since its creation in 1997.
The following subjects will be discussed:
This year, a famous Polish biophysicist Professor David Shugar, Canadian, physicist graduated of McGill University in Montreal, doctor h. c. of the University of Warsaw, celebrates his 100th birthday.
To celebrate the 100th birthday of Professor David Shugar and to honour his contribution in development of molecular biophysics, his former and present collaborators started the initiative of organizing a scientific conference “Challenges in molecular biology, biophysics and biomedicine” devoted to key topics and recent achievements on the crossroads of biosciences as well as the applications in drug design and chemotherapy.
Physics and chemistry have arrived at a deep understanding of the non-living world. Can we expect to reach similar insights, integrating concepts and quantitative explanation, in biology? Life at its origin should be particularly amenable to discovery of scientific laws governing biology, since it marks the point of departure from a predictable physical/chemical world to the novel and history-dependent living world. The origin of life problem is difficult because even the simplest living cell is highly evolved from the first steps toward life, of which little direct evidence remains. The conference aims to explore ways to build a deeper understanding of the nature of biology, by modeling the origins of life on a sufficiently abstract level, starting from prebiotic conditions on Earth and possibly on other planets. The conference will examine the origin of life as part of a larger concern with the origins of organization, including major transitions in the living state and structure formation in complex systems science.
The research required to understand life's origins occurs at a point where multiple scientific disciplines meet. The Conference will consist of nine sessions, on the topics listed below.