Special Issue "Coastal Areas Contamination Treatment"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Oceans and Coastal Zones".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (18 February 2022) | Viewed by 2644

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Milva Pepi
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Guest Editor
Department of Integrative Marine Ecology, Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy
Interests: microbiology of coastal and lagoon areas; pathogenic microorganisms and public health; sustainability; bacteria of biogeochemical cycles; microbial metabolisms and valorization of agro-industrial substrates in circular economy contexts
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Monia Renzi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste, via L. Giorgieri, 4, 34127 Trieste, Italy
Interests: marine ecology; transitional water ecosystems ecology; ecotoxicology; marine litter pollution; microplastics; nanoparticles pollution and ecological effects
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Prof. Dr. Luigi Musco
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (DISTEBA), University of Salento, Via Monteroni, I-73100 Lecce, Italy
Interests: biodiversity; marine ecology; ecology; species diversity; conservation; climate change; invasive species
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Coastal areas, including coastal lagoons and estuaries, represent key systems that are often subjected to anthropogenic pressure. They embody delicate environments that need intervention and the adoption of treatment measures in order to protect them from contamination and restore their typical key role in the environment.

Microorganisms are involved in biogeochemical cycles, and evidence a high plasticity in adapting to different contaminants, in many cases developing mechanisms to cope with contaminants. Innovative treatment processes as bioremediation by using autochthonous microorganisms could give insights for a non-invasive, environment-respecting, reasonable-costs technology to treat several coastal contaminants.

Authors are invited to submit original research and review articles focused on these aspects.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Organic and inorganic contaminants of anthropogenic origin in coastal areas, including crude oil, n-alkanes, PAHs, PCBs, microplastics, pharmaceuticals as antibiotics, heavy metals, and metalloids; the use of bacteria as bioindicators of contaminants dispersion; and treatment processes for contaminants removal, including biological methods as bioremediation.
  • The treatment of coastal plains contaminants derived from agricultural activities, including nitrate dispersions, organic carbon, phosphate, and inorganic nitrogen.
  • Seaweeds, algae, and organic matter as coastal contaminants: possible removal and possible valorization of these substrata.
  • Recent trends and developments in methods for the analysis of microbial contaminants (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses) in coastal areas, including metagenomic approaches.
  • Approaches including aspects of circular economy for the treatment of coastal area contaminants.

Dr. Milva Pepi
Prof. Dr. Monia Renzi
Prof. Dr. Luigi Musco
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • coastal contamination
  • eutrophication
  • microbial contamination
  • plastic litter
  • hydrocarbons
  • trace elements
  • bioremediation
  • microorganisms
  • contaminants treatment
  • circular economy

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Evaluation of Mercury Transformation and Benthic Organisms Uptake in a Creek Sediment of Pearl River Estuary, China
Water 2019, 11(6), 1308; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061308 - 25 Jun 2019
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1885
Abstract
A large fraction of mercury contaminant in the environment is from industrial production, and it potentially impairs human health once entering the food chain. Millions of people reside in the Pearl River Delta region, and water quality in the estuary directly affects their [...] Read more.
A large fraction of mercury contaminant in the environment is from industrial production, and it potentially impairs human health once entering the food chain. Millions of people reside in the Pearl River Delta region, and water quality in the estuary directly affects their drinking water safety. Considering the highly intense anthropogenic activities and industrial productions, we attempted to measure the sediment mercury concentration in the Pearl River estuary. In this work, samples of a creek sediment within this region were collected and mercury concentrations were quantified. Total mercury, simultaneously extracted mercury, methylmercury, and bio-accumulated mercury were individually assayed. Results indicated that total mercury concentrations of investigated sites ranged from 1.073 to 4.450 µg/g dry sediment. The mercury in the sediment also transformed into more toxic methylmercury, which then adversely affected benthos biodiversity. Correlation analysis revealed that, mercury was accumulated into benthic microorganisms, mainly through the uptake of methylmercury. High concentrations of acid-volatile sulfide in the sediment indicated the presence of active sulfate-reducing bacteria, which could also catalytically transform inorganic mercury into methylmercury. Correlation analysis further showed that sulfate-reducing bacteria activity accounted for methylmercury formation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coastal Areas Contamination Treatment)
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