Special Issue "Searching for Symmetry and Asymmetry with Noninvasive Brain Stimulation"

A special issue of Symmetry (ISSN 2073-8994). This special issue belongs to the section "Biology and Symmetry".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Michal Klichowski
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Educational Studies, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Szamarzewskiego 89D 60-568 Poznan, Poland
Interests: Cognitive Neuroscience; Cognition and Learning; Technology Enhanced Learning; brain; fMRI; TMS; Neuroimaging; EEG; Neuroeducation
Dr. David A. Becker
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
Interests: azulenyl nitrones; spin trapping; neuroprotection; free radicals; morphogenesis; bilateral symmetry; cadherins; zygo-dodecahedral brain model; geometrical music theory
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Maciej Ras
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Action and Cognition Laboratory, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland
Interests: Cognitive Neuroscience; Action; Cognition; Brain; fMRI; TMS; Neuroimaging; EEG; Praxis

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Recently, brain imaging techniques, e.g., functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalography (EEG) or functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), as well as behavioral approaches, e.g., visual half-field and dichotic listening paradigms are commonly used to study lateralization of brain functions. Nevertheless, the more valid examination, i.e., in terms of cause and effect, may be delivered by noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) technologies and techniques, that allow to modulate the brain activity, without the introduction of any equipment inside the head. The NIBS methods as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), with its repetitive version (rTMS), transcranial electrical stimulation (TES), including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), have become recognized as very useful and legitimate scientific, but also clinical and therapeutic tools. Somewhat surprisingly, NIBS is still rarely used in studies on the functional brain symmetries and asymmetries. To fulfill this gap, the objective of this Special Issue is to bring together theoretical and experimental investigations, developing new perspectives, but also indicating the limitations, of the use of NIBS in studies on hemispheric specialization, cerebral dominance and lateralization of function. We hope that this issue of Symmetry will be a forum for interesting discussion and knowledge sharing.

Dr. Michal Klichowski
Dr. David A. Becker
Dr. Maciej Ras
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Symmetry is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • cerebral dominance
  • hemispheric specialization
  • lateralization of function
  • organization of the human brain
  • repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • transcranial alternating current stimulation
  • transcranial direct current stimulation
  • transcranial electrical stimulation
  • transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • ultrasound stimulation

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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