Special Issue "Preventive Conservation and Energy Efficiency of Heritage Buildings"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (21 September 2020).
Interests: energy efficiency of historic buildings; non destructive technologies; energy audit; energy simulation; preventive conservation of cultural heritage; highly efficient materials; renewable energy sources; BIPV integration in heritage sites
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Interests: architectural conservation; preventive conservation; energy efficiency of historic buildings; 20th century architecture; conservation management plan
European studies show that more than 40% of the European residential buildings have been constructed before the 1960s  and more than 50% before the 1970s . European households are responsible for 68% of the total final energy use in buildings, mainly related to heating, cooling, hot water, cooking and appliances . Historic buildings form a large proportion of the existing building stock of most European cities. They represent significant territorial resources and constitute an essential part of the cultural heritage. Improving energy efficiency in historic heritage, certainly preserving the value and the historical characters, is a topic of great importance. In fact, in recent years, the European Commission fostered several policies to reduce the final energy use (20 %) and greenhouse gas (CO2) emissions (20 % compared to 1990 levels), and to increase the share of renewable energy (20 % of overall energy consumption) until 2020 (Directive 2010/31/EU ; Directive 2009/28/EC  and Directive 2012/27/EU ). These Directives showed the big potential for achieving energy savings and CO2 emissions reduction through the refurbishment of existing buildings, besides the construction of new low-energy buildings. Conservation and energy refurbishment of historic buildings involves a series of complex issues that require a balance between preventive conservation, human comfort, energy efficiency, compliance with regulatory constraints, integration with renewable energy sources, economic feasibility, and microclimate monitoring to ensure an appropriate preservation of structures and artworks, as well as users’ comfort. Therefore, this Special Issue provides a forum to discuss and to identify new trends and developments in preventive conservation and energy efficiency of heritage buildings.
Some of the potential issues/themes covered include one or more of the following areas in both global and local contexts (the list is not exhaustive):
- Preventive conservation of cultural heritage: a contemporary perspective and new approaches
- Energy and environmental monitoring of heritage buildings and sites
- Criteria and methodologies for energy efficiency of historic buildings
- Case studies of energy retrofit of historic buildings
- Energy efficiency of heritage sites and city centers
- The impact of political and social agendas on energy efficiency of historic buildings
- Technical standards / National and international legislation
- Non-destructive technologies for cultural heritage (e.g. infrared thermography)
- Energy audit and simulation of historic buildings
- Building-HVAC modeling
- Conservation and management of 20th Century architecture
- Methodological approaches, specific methods and tools for preventive conservation and energy efficiency of cultural heritage
- High energy performance materials applied to cultural heritage
- Integration of heritage buildings and landscapes with renewable energy resources
- The human factor in the issue of energy efficiency of historic buildings (behavioral sciences: economics, sociology)
- Smart Solutions (e.g. Smart Home Technology) for preventive conservation and energy efficiency
 Buildings Performance Institute Europe: Europe’s buildings under the microscope. A country-by-country review of the energy performance of buildings. European Commission: Bruxelles, 2011.
 S. Birchall et al. Survey on the energy needs and architectural features of the EU building stock Deliverable 2.1a, European Project iNSPIRe. www. inspirefp7.eu, 2014.
 European Parliament, Directive 2010/31/EU of The European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast), Official Journal of the European Union.
 European Parliament, Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and amending and subsequently repealing Directives 2001/77/EC and 2003/30/EC, Official Journal of the Europe.
 European Parliament, Directive 2012/27/EU of The European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC, Official Journal of the Europe.
Prof. Dr. Elena Lucchi
Prof. Dr. Davide Del Curto
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