Special Issue "Nutrition, Obesity and Adolescent Health"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 26 August 2022 | Viewed by 377
Interests: childhood obesity; adolescent endocrinology; growth disorders; disorders of sex development; gender dysphoria; anorexia nervosa; stress-related disorders; molecular mechanisms of glucocorticoid action
Interests: nutrition; obesity; metabolic syndrome; anorexia nervosa; anthropometry; adolescent medicine; youth health; adolescent gynecology; stress-related disorders; mental health; developmental health
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Interests: nutrition; obesity; anorexia nervosa; adolescent medicine; disorders of sex development; gender dysphoria; mental health; internet high-risk behavior; developmental health
Obesity in adolescents represents one of the most challenging public health problems of the 21st century, owing to its epidemic proportions worldwide and the associated significant morbidity, mortality and public health costs. In the United States, obesity rates remain high, affecting more than 20% of adolescents with 4%–6% having severe obesity.
The physical, psychological and social changes of adolescence greatly influence the development of obesity; during puberty, the body composition changes, with adiposity increasing in females and decreasing in males. In addition, the increased autonomy during adolescence allows free access to food, increased eating outside the home, the ability to purchase their own food and the inclusion of food during peer interactions, thereby contributing to an increased caloric intake. Cognitively, adolescents are vulnerable when making choices that may or may not support their health and positive self-esteem and empowerment.
Obesity is a chronic health problem, and its presence during adolescence is associated with medical and psychological consequences, medical comorbidities including diabetes mellitus type 2, dyslipidemia, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, obstructive sleep apnea, fatty liver disease, reproductive complications, alterations in puberty, musculoskeletal complications and the predisposition to cancer. Psychological comorbidities and concerns include depression, being teased or bullied and being subjected to discrimination, leading to an impaired quality of life. Obesity has also been associated with lower academic achievement and a decreased socioeconomic status, with childhood obesity and cardiovascular risk factors tracking strongly through adolescence into adult life.
The prevention and treatment of adolescent obesity require that all health care professionals (HCPs) work together. They should have the knowledge, skills and resources to prevent and treat obesity, while incorporating the biopsychosocial stages of adolescent development. HCPs are uniquely positioned to advocate for changes within and outside the health care setting to address the obesity epidemic. Areas for advocacy include the increasing availability of clinical and community resources to prevent and treat obesity, leveraging support for adolescent-focused research, the promotion of environmental and policy changes related to healthy eating and active living, the elimination of policies and practices stigmatizing obese adolescents both explicitly and implicitly and the integration of preventative approaches in the obesity and eating disorder fields addressing weight-related disorders.
This Special Issue, entitled “Nutrition, Obesity and Adolescent Health”, aims to host original articles, systematic reviews or meta-analyses for the advancement of our current knowledge and understanding regarding the role of nutrition on the development of adolescent obesity and its associated health conditions.
Prof. Dr. Evangelia Charmandari
Dr. Flora Bacopoulou
Dr. Artemis K. Tsitsika
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- adolescent health