Special Issue "Mycotoxigenic Fungi and Mycotoxins"
A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2019
Dr. Edward Sionov
Mycotoxins are low-molecular-weight natural products produced as secondary metabolites by toxigenic filamentous fungi that contaminate food, the food chain and represent a risk to human and animal health. When present in foods at sufficiently high levels, these fungal metabolites can have a toxic effect that ranges from acute (for example, liver or kidney deterioration) to chronic (for example, liver cancer). Such levels can also be mutagenic and/or teratogenic, which could result in symptoms ranging from skin irritation to immunosuppression, birth defects, neurotoxicity, and death. Mycotoxins can enter the food chain either in the field, during storage, or at a later point. The mycotoxin problem is exacerbated whenever shipping, handling, and storage practices are conducive to mold growth. This contributes to mycotoxins being commonly found in foods. Mycotoxins are now recognized to be the most important chronic dietary risk factor, riskier than synthetic contaminants, plant toxins, food additives, or pesticide residues. Cereals and cereal-based products are the main source of mycotoxin intake by populations in developed countries. According to a new report from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), children in Africa are falling victim to fungal toxins in food that can stunt their growth and delay their development. The two main groups of toxins, aflatoxins and fumonisins, that are produced by Aspergillus and Fusarium spp, respectively, are present in dangerously high levels in agricultural commodities such as groundnuts, cassava, wheat, and corn, which make up the bulk of children’s diets in Sub-Saharan Africa. This problem has serious consequences for children’s survival, health, and development in this region. Implementation of novel strategies to prevent mycotoxin occurrence in food chain must be given greater priority.
Increasing consumer demand for safe food is accompanied by the need for early, rapid, and cost-effective analytical and molecular techniques capable of screening for the presence of mycotoxins and/or mycotoxigenic fungi. This would allow for the prevention of mycotoxin contamination of the human food supply and have a significant effect on public health. In this Special Issue, original reaserch studies and review articles with regards to evolution and the biology of agriculturally and medically important mycotoxigenic fungi, mycotoxin detection, the mechanisms of accumulation, and elimination and/or prevention of mycotoxins are considered for publication.
Dr. Edward Sionov
Manuscript Submission Information
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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Mycotoxigenic fungi
- Mycotoxin detection
- Molecular biology
- Analytical chemistry
- Mechanisms of mycotoxin accumulation