Special Issue "Cyber-Security for the Maritime Industry"

A special issue of Information (ISSN 2078-2489). This special issue belongs to the section "Information and Communications Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2022) | Viewed by 3348

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Xavier Bellekens
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland G1 1XW, UK
Interests: cyber-security; deception; maritime security; critical infrastructure security; intrusion detection systems; cyber situational awareness; cyber security training
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. David Brosset
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Naval Academy Research Institute, Arts et Métiers Institute of Technology, France
Interests: maritime security; critical infrastructure security; cyber-security training
Dr. Miroslav Bures
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Czech Technical University in Prague, Dept. of Computer Science, FEE, Czechia
Interests: system testing; test automation; model-based testing; IoT testing methods; critical infrastructure security; defense systems
Dr. Mohamed Amine Ben Farah
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland G1 1XW, UK
Interests: cryptography; chaos theory; secure communications; privacy; cyber-security; blockchain
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Over the past decade, the rise of new technologies, such as the Internet of Things and associated interfaces, in the maritime industry have dramatically increased our reliance on cyber-space and the need to understand our environment accurately to predict, respond to, and solve potential cyber-security problems. 

With 90% of global trade transport occurring by sea, maritime infrastructure is becoming more essential than ever. The maritime sector used to develop stand-alone software and hardware, inherently “limiting” their risk of internal threats; however, the new Internet of Everything (IoE) paradigm proves that it is challenging to securely design, develop, and operate a fully connected environment. 

It is therefore essential to research, evaluate, and understand the vulnerabilities faced by the maritime industry. This Special Issue on “Cyber-Security for the Maritime Industry” is aimed at industrial and academic researchers applying non-traditional methods to solve cyber-security problems. The key areas of this Special Issue include, but are not limited to the following topics: maritime incidents, information sharing, cyber-physical interactions (ship-to-port) intrusion detection systems, threat intelligence, maritime infrastructure,  policies in the maritime industry,  readiness and capabilities, maritime simulation, training, cyber-ranges and test-beds, vulnerability and risk analysis, supply chain vulnerabilities, autonomous vessels, ports, offshore infrastructures, processes and training, psychological perception, recovery strategies, maritime traffic, maritime cyber threats.  

Dr. Xavier Bellekens
Dr. David Brosset
Dr. Miroslav Bures
Dr. Mohamed Amine Ben Farah
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Information is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cyber-security
  • maritime security
  • critical infrastructure security
  • detection systems
  • cyber situational awareness
  • cryptography
  • secure communications
  • privacy

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Article
Navigation Data Anomaly Analysis and Detection
Information 2022, 13(3), 104; https://doi.org/10.3390/info13030104 - 23 Feb 2022
Viewed by 1166
Abstract
Several disruptive attacks against companies in the maritime industry have led experts to consider the increased risk imposed by cyber threats as a major obstacle to undergoing digitization. The industry is heading toward increased automation and connectivity, leading to reduced human involvement in [...] Read more.
Several disruptive attacks against companies in the maritime industry have led experts to consider the increased risk imposed by cyber threats as a major obstacle to undergoing digitization. The industry is heading toward increased automation and connectivity, leading to reduced human involvement in the different navigational functions and increased reliance on sensor data and software for more autonomous modes of operations. To meet the objectives of increased automation under the threat of cyber attacks, the different software modules that are expected to be involved in different navigational functions need to be prepared to detect such attacks utilizing suitable detection techniques. Therefore, we propose a systematic approach for analyzing the navigational NMEA messages carrying the data of the different sensors, their possible anomalies, malicious causes of such anomalies as well as the appropriate detection algorithms. The proposed approach is evaluated through two use cases, traditional Integrated Navigation System (INS) and Autonomous Passenger Ship (APS). The results reflect the utility of specification and frequency-based detection in detecting the identified anomalies with high confidence. Furthermore, the analysis is found to facilitate the communication of threats through indicating the possible impact of the identified anomalies against the navigational operations. Moreover, we have developed a testing environment that facilitates conducting the analysis. The environment includes a developed tool, NMEA-Manipulator that enables the invocation of the identified anomalies through a group of cyber attacks on sensor data. Our work paves the way for future work in the analysis of NMEA anomalies toward the development of an NMEA intrusion detection system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyber-Security for the Maritime Industry)
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Review

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Review
Cyber Security in the Maritime Industry: A Systematic Survey of Recent Advances and Future Trends
Information 2022, 13(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/info13010022 - 06 Jan 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1457
Abstract
The paper presents a classification of cyber attacks within the context of the state of the art in the maritime industry. A systematic categorization of vessel components has been conducted, complemented by an analysis of key services delivered within ports. The vulnerabilities of [...] Read more.
The paper presents a classification of cyber attacks within the context of the state of the art in the maritime industry. A systematic categorization of vessel components has been conducted, complemented by an analysis of key services delivered within ports. The vulnerabilities of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) have been given particular consideration since it is a critical subcategory of many maritime infrastructures and, consequently, a target for cyber attacks. Recent research confirms that the dramatic proliferation of cyber crimes is fueled by increased levels of integration of new enabling technologies, such as IoT and Big Data. The trend to greater systems integration is, however, compelling, yielding significant business value by facilitating the operation of autonomous vessels, greater exploitation of smart ports, a reduction in the level of manpower and a marked improvement in fuel consumption and efficiency of services. Finally, practical challenges and future research trends have been highlighted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cyber-Security for the Maritime Industry)
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