Special Issue "Environmental and Psychosocial Factors Associated with Physical Activity Behavior and Motor Competence among Children and Adolescents"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Environmental Health".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Javier Molina-García
Website
Guest Editor
AFIPS Research Group; Department of Teaching of Musical, Visual and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers, 4, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Interests: physical activity behavior; active transportation; motor competence; built environment; psychosocial factors
Prof. Dr. Xavier García-Massó
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Guest Editor
Departament de Didàctica de l’Expressió Musical, Plàstica i Corporal, University of Valencia, 46021 Valencia, Spain
Interests: motor control and learning on children and adolescents
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Isaac Estevan
Website
Guest Editor
Department of Teaching of Musical, Visual and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, Spain;
Physical activity and health promotion-AFIPS research group, University of Valencia, Spain;
AFIPS research group, University of Valencia, Spain.
Interests: motor competence; fundamental motor skills; motor development
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. Ana Queralt
Website
Guest Editor
AFIPS Research Group; Department of Nursing, University of Valencia, Jaume Roig, s/n, 46010 Valencia, Spain
Interests: physical activity; exercise; health behaviors; accelerometry; built environment; walkability

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

On behalf of IJERPH, we are organizing a Special Issue about the environmental and psychosocial factors associated with physical activity behavior and motor competence among children and adolescents. IJERPH is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes manuscripts in the interdisciplinary area of environmental health sciences and public health.

With several theoretical models supporting the importance of physical activity behavior and motor competence across the lifespan, we are interested in papers analyzing the relationship of the aforementioned topics, especially those addressing these associations according to psychosocial and/or environmental factors in children and adolescents. In the case of environmental factors, the type of neighborhood, the school, and/or field-based contexts are particularly important for youth’s health. For instance, studies involving the following topics are welcome for this Special issue in IJERPH:

  • Neighborhood built environment and/or psychosocial factors as a correlate of physical activity and other health behaviors in adolescents and children;
  • Psychological processes associated with physical activity behavior and/or motor competence;
  • Assessment and development of different forms of motor competence at school environment;
  • The association between motor competence and active lifestyles;
  • The role of field-based and/or school environments in developing physical activity and/or motor competence across years.

Dr. Javier Molina-García
Prof. Xavier García-Massó
Dr. Isaac Estevan
Dr. Ana Queralt
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Physical activity behavior
  • Motor competence
  • Active transportation
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Physical education
  • Motor development
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Neighborhood built environment
  • Children
  • Adolescents

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
How Czech Adolescents Perceive Active Commuting to School: A Cross-Sectional Study
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5562; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155562 - 01 Aug 2020
Abstract
To achieve a healthy lifestyle, adolescents must be physically active and meet physical activity (PA) guidelines. One of the most natural ways of increasing the amount of PA is active commuting (AC) to school. Recent reviews suggest that peer norms have the potential [...] Read more.
To achieve a healthy lifestyle, adolescents must be physically active and meet physical activity (PA) guidelines. One of the most natural ways of increasing the amount of PA is active commuting (AC) to school. Recent reviews suggest that peer norms have the potential to shape PA during adolescence in particular. Thus, our primary aim was to investigate whether Czech adolescents misperceive their peers’ AC behaviors and attitudes towards AC. Our dataset comprised cross-sectional data on 1586 adolescents aged 11–15 years. Basic descriptive statistics, chi-square tests, and correlation analyses were used to analyze the data. Regarding traveling to school, 68% of the Czech adolescents in this study are daily active commuters (walking, cycling, or riding a scooter or skateboard). Less than half of the respondents believed that most of their classmates were commuting to school actively almost daily. The students who believed that most of their classmates commuted to school actively had significantly higher chances of being regular active commuters themselves. The results showed that most of the Czech adolescents misperceived the AC norms of their peers. Thus, there could be potential in using a social norms approach aimed at increasing the level of AC in Czech adolescents through targeted interventions. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Transformational Teaching in Physical Education and Students’ Leisure-Time Physical Activity: The Mediating Role of Learning Climate, Passion and Self-Determined Motivation
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4844; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134844 - 05 Jul 2020
Abstract
In the context of education, this study examined the relationship between perceiving a transformational physical education (PE) teacher and student’s leisure-time physical activity (PA). Furthermore, we tested the potential mediation role of motivational learning climate, passion and self-determined motivation in this relationship. The [...] Read more.
In the context of education, this study examined the relationship between perceiving a transformational physical education (PE) teacher and student’s leisure-time physical activity (PA). Furthermore, we tested the potential mediation role of motivational learning climate, passion and self-determined motivation in this relationship. The sample was composed of 2210 high-school PE students (1145 males, 1065 females) between 16 and 20 years of age. Results of structural equation modeling revealed that the perceived transformational PE teacher–PA outcomes relationship was stronger when students perceived a task-involving climate, when they were harmoniously passionate, and when they were self-determined. We conclude that students’ health-enhancing behaviours could be improved if their PE teachers use transformational teaching style and created a task-oriented learning climate. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Association between Actual and Perceived Motor Competence in School Children
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3408; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103408 - 14 May 2020
Abstract
(1) Background: The association between actual and perceived motor competence (MC) is one of the underlying mechanisms that influence the practice of physical activity. This study mainly aimed to analyze the structure and correlations between actual and perceived MC in schoolchildren and to [...] Read more.
(1) Background: The association between actual and perceived motor competence (MC) is one of the underlying mechanisms that influence the practice of physical activity. This study mainly aimed to analyze the structure and correlations between actual and perceived MC in schoolchildren and to compare actual and perceived MC between girls and boys. (2) Methods: A total of 467 fifth and sixth graders (43.9% girls, M = 11.26, SD = 0.70) participated. Actual and perceived MC were assessed. To examine the proposed four factor models, structural equation models (factor analyses, latent correlations, invariance testing for gender) were conducted. Student t-test for independent samples was used to compare boys and girls. (3) Results: Proposed models achieved acceptable fit values with moderate correlation between the factors according to the type of MC in actual and perceived MC. Invariant factor structure in boys and girls was revealed. Boys performed and perceived themselves higher in object control than girls; whereas girls showed higher actual and perceived self-movement than boys. (4) Conclusions: The association between actual and perceived MC exists both globally and separately by gender, despite the differences between boys and girls. It is important to consider the role of gender and type of MC in the development of motor competencies, as well as in the strengthening of the children’s sense of competence. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
The Effects of Combined Movement and Storytelling Intervention on Motor Skills in South Asian and White Children Aged 5–6 Years Living in the United Kingdom
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3391; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103391 - 13 May 2020
Abstract
Early motor development has an important role in promoting physical activity (PA) during childhood and across the lifespan. Children from South Asian backgrounds are less active and have poorer motor skills, thus identifying the need for early motor skill instruction. This study examines [...] Read more.
Early motor development has an important role in promoting physical activity (PA) during childhood and across the lifespan. Children from South Asian backgrounds are less active and have poorer motor skills, thus identifying the need for early motor skill instruction. This study examines the effect of a movement and storytelling intervention on South Asian children’s motor skills. Following ethics approval and consent, 39 children (46% South Asian) participated in a 12-week movement and storytelling intervention. Pre and post, seven motor skills (run, jump, throw, catch, stationary dribble, roll, and kick) were assessed using Children’s Activity and Movement in Preschool Study protocol. At baseline, South Asian children had poorer performance of motor skills. Following the intervention, all children improved their motor skills, with a bigger improvement observed for South Asian children. Early intervention provided remedial benefits to delays in motor skills and narrowed the motor skills gap in ethnic groups. Full article
Open AccessArticle
A Conceptual Framework for Modelling Safe Walking and Cycling Routes to High Schools
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(9), 3318; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093318 - 10 May 2020
Cited by 1
Abstract
Active transport to or from school presents an opportunity for adolescents to engage in daily physical activity. Multiple factors influence whether adolescents actively travel to/from school. Creating safe walking and cycling routes to school is a promising strategy to increase rates of active [...] Read more.
Active transport to or from school presents an opportunity for adolescents to engage in daily physical activity. Multiple factors influence whether adolescents actively travel to/from school. Creating safe walking and cycling routes to school is a promising strategy to increase rates of active transport. This article presents a comprehensive conceptual framework for modelling safe walking and cycling routes to high schools. The framework has been developed based on several existing relevant frameworks including (a) ecological models, (b) the “Five Es” (engineering, education, enforcement, encouragement, and evaluation) framework of transport planning, and (c) a travel mode choice framework for school travel. The framework identifies built environment features (land use mix, pedestrian/cycling infrastructure, neighbourhood aesthetics, and accessibility to local facilities) and traffic safety factors (traffic volume and speed, safe road crossings, and quality of path surface) to be considered when modelling safe walking/cycling routes to high schools. Future research should test this framework using real-world data in different geographical settings and with a combination of tools for the assessment of both macro-scale and micro-scale built environment features. To be effective, the modelling and creation of safe routes to high schools should be complemented by other interventions, including education, enforcement, and encouragement in order to minimise safety concerns and promote active transport. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
“It Is Like Compulsory to Go, but It Is still pretty Nice”: Young Children’s Views on Physical Activity Parenting and the Associated Motivational Regulation
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(7), 2315; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072315 - 30 Mar 2020
Abstract
Physical activity parenting (PAP) is consistently correlated with children’s physical activity (PA). Children’s perception of PAP has garnered little attention given that it mediates the relationship between PAP and child PA outcomes. This study aimed to examine 7–10-year-old children’s perspectives on PAP practices [...] Read more.
Physical activity parenting (PAP) is consistently correlated with children’s physical activity (PA). Children’s perception of PAP has garnered little attention given that it mediates the relationship between PAP and child PA outcomes. This study aimed to examine 7–10-year-old children’s perspectives on PAP practices and how they relate to their motivational regulation of PA. A total of 79 children 7–10 years of age participated in 19 semi-structured focus group interviews. Through qualitative theory-guided content analysis, using frameworks of parenting dimensions and self-determination theory (SDT), we found that children’s perceptions of high responsiveness and low demandingness in PAP—according to SDT, autonomy support, involvement, and structure—were associated with satisfaction of all three psychological basic needs—autonomy, competence, and relatedness. In contrast, perceptions of high demandingness and low responsiveness in PAP, i.e., coercive control, were associated with dissatisfaction of autonomy need. However, perceptions of high demandingness and high responsiveness in PAP, specifically parental expectations and facilitation of PA, were associated with satisfaction of competence need. It seems possible to identify different types of PAP practices associated with children’s motivation for PA. Different forms of parental demandingness with differing motivational outcomes were uniquely identified from the children’s perceptions of PAP. Full article
Open AccessArticle
Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors of Young Children: Trends from 2009 to 2018
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(5), 1645; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17051645 - 03 Mar 2020
Abstract
Over the last decade, the lives of children in several countries, including Greece, have been affected by recession. The aim of the present study was (a) to examine time trends in physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) of Greek preschool children, together [...] Read more.
Over the last decade, the lives of children in several countries, including Greece, have been affected by recession. The aim of the present study was (a) to examine time trends in physical activity (PA) and screen time (ST) of Greek preschool children, together with their family affluence (FA), from 2009 until 2018, and to explore the associations among them; and (b) to investigate the connections of parental educational level and children’s BMIs to their achieving ST (<1 h/day) and PA (11,500 steps/day) guidelines. A total of 652 children from four cross-sectional cohorts participated. PA was recorded with Omron HJ-720IT-E2 pedometers, whereas ST, family affluence (FA) and parental educational level were reported by participants’ parents. The results of the one-way ANOVAs that were computed revealed statistically significant differences among cohorts, albeit of no practical importance, in PA, ST and FA. According to the regressions calculated, neither BMI nor the educational level was related to membership in ST and PA guidelines groups. ST was a significant predictor of children’s PA in all week periods (school-time, leisure-time, weekend), whereas FA was not such a strong predictor. Multilevel interventions aiming at both ST and PA seem to be imperative for the benefit of young children’s health. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Neighborhood Walkability and Socio-Economic Status in Relation to Multiple Environmental Conditions and Health Outcomes in Children
Authors: Javier Molina-García, Isaac Estevan, Cristina Menescardi and Ana Queralt
Affiliations: AFIPS Research Group; Department of Teaching of Musical, Visual and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, Avda. dels Tarongers, 4, 46022 Valencia, Spain; et al.

Title: Active Transport to School Correlates in the Objective and Perceived School Neighbourhood Built Environment for Urban and Rural Areas in Otago, New Zealand
Authors: Mohammad Lutfur Rahman, Tessa Pocock, Antoni Moore and Sandra Mandic
Affiliations: School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand; et al.

Title: Early Childhood Predictors of Children’s Perceived Movement Skill at Age 5 Years: A Longitudinal Study
Authors: Barnett, L. M., Hnatiuk, J., Salmon. J. and Hesketh, K.
Affiliations: School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University, Australia; et al.

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