Special Issue "Entropy Analysis of the Heart Rate in Human and Laboratory Animal Studies"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2023 | Viewed by 240
2. Department of Community Medicine, Information and Health Decision Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
Interests: biomedical signal processing; data analysis; fetal heart rate; image processing; maternal–fetal monitoring; nonlinear analysis; remote sensing; spectral analysis
2. Serviços de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia, Centro Hospitalar Universitário de São João, 4200-319 Porto, Portugal
Interests: maternal–fetal medicine; validity of diagnostic tests; medical simulation; gynecologic endoscopy; biomedical engineering
Maternal–fetal monitoring has been developed to avoid poor maternal and fetal outcomes during the entire gestational period until the occurrence of birth, particularly concerning fetal asphyxia and dystocia. One of the methods most used in monitoring is the analysis of the fetal heart rate (HR) variability, for which there are computerized systems already used in clinical practice, and this procedure is also referred to as electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM).
However, of concern to humans and related laboratory animal studies, HR variability analysis based solely on linear methods do not provide comprehensive characterization of all the physiological and pathophysiological situations. Actually, EFM is in fact an excellent example of how complex situations may not be successfully handled using simple algorithms. Although EFM was introduced into clinical practice more than 50 years ago, its initial expectations of decreasing perinatal mortality without increasing maternal interventions, namely cesarean sections, have not been met.
Therefore, the use of nonlinear methods, such as entropy, has justified particular interest, either in the analysis of a single fetal HR recording or when assessing maternal–fetal, fetal–fetal, or maternal–fetal interactions, whether in single or twin pregnancies. In recent years, increasing attention has also been devoted to the analysis of maternal HR variability as well as to the maternal–fetal HR interaction.
In this Special Issue of Entropy, we invite you to contribute with your latest developments or reviews regarding entropy analysis in human maternal–fetal and related laboratory animal HR studies, including studies on acute and chronic hypoxia, fetal gender and behavior, dystocia or preterm labor, and twin pregnancies, as well as in the development and validation of diagnostic and monitoring systems for clinical practice and medical education.
Prof. Dr. Hernâni Gonçalves
Prof. Dr. João Bernardes
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- animal model
- fetal behavior
- fetal heart rate
- fetal hypoxia
- human parturition
- maternal–fetal monitoring
- maternal heart rate
- medical simulation