Special Issue "Development and Use of New Generation Biofuels in IC Engines"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This special issue belongs to the section "Energy and Environment".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2022.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Abul Kalam Hossain
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Sustainable Energy and Transport Research Group (SET), School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
Interests: renewable biofuels for internal combustion (IC) engines; engine waste energy recovery; 2nd and 3rd generation biofuel production; fuel characterisation and upgradation; performance, emission and combustion characteristics of alternative fuels in IC engines; engine modifications/parameter optimisation; desalination of brackish water using solar energy; biomass energy: resource assessment, conversion, technoeconomic modelling, lifecycle energy and emission analysis; biomass–solar hybrid system; carbon capture and storage; energy storage techniques

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Renewable biofuels continue to play an important role in improving the health and wellbeing of the growing population in urban areas. Biofuels provide benefits in two ways: (i) by mitigating greenhouse gas emissions and (ii) by ensuring the energy security. In Europe, biofuels are contributing substantially to achieving a of 10% share of renewable energy in transport fuels by 2020. Biofuel sources should be sustainable. The quality of biofuels varies widely depending on feedstock type and conversion process. Often upgrading of fuels and/or engine modifications are required to use biofuels in the IC engines. Development of biofuels and their combustion strategies in the IC engine is a very important R&D topic. This Special Issue will focus on existing and emerging techniques on upgrading of biofuels, advanced low-temperature combustion, dual-fuel combustion, and lifecycle energy and emission analysis. Topics of interest for publication include but are not limited to:

  • Waste-derived biofuels for IC engine application;
  • Sustainable biofuels derived from non-edible oils;
  • Biofuel chracterisation and upgrade;
  • Advanced combustion of biofuels, flexi-fuel and dual-fuel combustion;
  • Lifecycle energy and emission analysis of biofuels for IC engine application;
  • Blending and emulsification of biofuels;
  • New additives, oxidation stability;
  • Unrecycled plastic to oil for IC engine application;
  • Optimisation of fuel properties and engine perfromance;
  • Biofuel–electric hybrid option. 

Dr. Abul Kalam Hossain
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • advanced biofuels for IC engines
  • biofuels blending and emulsification
  • characterisation and upgrade of biofuels
  • combustion characteristics of biofuels
  • dual-fuel combustion
  • liquid and gaseous biofuels for IC engines
  • low-temperature combustion of biofuels in IC engines
  • lifecycle energy and emission
  • optimisation of fuel properties and engine performance

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Experimental Investigation of Neat Biodiesels’ Saturation Level on Combustion and Emission Characteristics in a CI Engine
Energies 2021, 14(16), 5203; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14165203 - 23 Aug 2021
Viewed by 402
Abstract
The fuel qualities of several biodiesels containing highly saturated, mono, and poly unsaturated fatty acids, as well as their combustion and exhaust emission characteristics, were studied. Six biodiesel samples were divided into two groups based on their fatty acid composition, including group 1 [...] Read more.
The fuel qualities of several biodiesels containing highly saturated, mono, and poly unsaturated fatty acids, as well as their combustion and exhaust emission characteristics, were studied. Six biodiesel samples were divided into two groups based on their fatty acid composition, including group 1 (coconut, castor, and jatropha) and group II (palm, karanja, and waste cooking oil biodiesel). All fuels (in both groups) were tested in a single-cylinder off-road diesel engine. Castor and karanja biodiesel, both rich in mono-unsaturation level, have a high viscosity of about 14.5 and 5.04 mm2/s, respectively. The coconut and palm biodiesels are rich in saturation level with cetane numbers of 62 and 60, respectively. In both groups, highly saturated and poly-unsaturated methyl esters presented better combustion efficiency and less formation of polluted emissions than mono-unsaturation. At full load, coconut and palm biodiesel displayed 38% and 10% advanced start of combustion, respectively, which reduced ignition delay by approximately 10% and 3%, respectively. Mono-unsaturated methyl esters exhibited a higher cylinder pressure and heat release rate, which results in higher NOx gas emissions. The group II biodiesels showed about 10–15% lower exhaust emissions owing to an optimum level of fatty acid composition. Our study concluded that highly saturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acid performed better than mono-unsaturated biodiesels for off-road engine application. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Use of New Generation Biofuels in IC Engines)
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