Topical Collection "Encyclopedia of Piezoelectrics"


Prof. Dr. Kenji Uchino
Guest Editor
Director, International Center for Actuators and Transducers Professor, Electrical Engineering The Pennsylvania State University, 135 Energy and The Environment Laboratory, University Park, PA 16802, USA
Interests: piezoelectric actuator; ultrasonic motor; piezo-transformer; high power piezoelectrics; loss mechanism; Pb-free piezoelectrics; piezoelectric composite; multilayer actuator; relaxor piezoelectric single crystal; piezoelectric energy harvesting; piezoelectric driver
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Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

Certain materials produce electric charges on their surfaces upon the application of mechanical stress. The induced charges are proportional to the exerted mechanical stress. This is called direct piezoelectric effect and was discovered in quartz by Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880. Materials showing this phenomenon also conversely present a geometric strain proportional to an applied electric field. This is the converse piezoelectric effect, discovered by Gabriel Lippmann in 1881.

The first application of piezoelectric materials was demonstrated in underwater SONARs by Langevin. Regarding their recent industrial commercialization, we can point out at least the following million-selling products in the last 20 years:

  • Inkjet printer (piezoelectric) by Epson.
  • Diesel injection valve (multilayer) by Siemens, Bosch, Denso (Peugeot, Toyota).
  • Camera module for mobile phones (micro ultrasonic motor) by Samsung Electromechanics (Galaxy series).
  • Backlight inverter (piezoelectric transformer) for laptop computers by Apple (17” MacBook).
  • Piezoelectric energy-harvesting device for Programable Air-Burst Munition by Micromechatronics Inc. (US Army).

The motivations for compiling a new “Encyclopedia of Piezoelectrics” are as follows:

  • New technologies, product developments, and commercialization are providing further products’ requirements, such as for piezoelectric actuators.
  • The progress in high-power transducers, loss mechanisms in smart materials, energy harvesting, and computer simulations is significant and should be revised drastically.
  • Research data about piezoelectric energy harvesting have been accumulating in the last years.

The new Encyclopedia will present  a theoretical description of the fundamental aspects of piezoelectricity, an overview of actual materials, device designs, drive/control techniques, and typical applications, as well as current and future research trends in the field of micromechatronics. The Encyclopedia will not be a collection of case studies.

We will collect the articles indicated in the following “Section”, “Subsection” of List of Content:

Part I  Historical Background
1.1 Discovery of Piezoelectricity
1.2 Langevin Transducer
1.3 Discovery of Barium Titanate
1.4 Discovery of PZT
1.5 Discovery of PVDF
1.6 Piezoelectric Composite - History
1.7 PMN Electrostrictor - Actuator Application
1.8 Relaxor Single Crystals - High k Discovery
Part II  Theory of Piezoelectricity
2.1 Crystal Symmetry of Peizoelectricity
2.2 Microscopic Origin of Piezoelectricity
2.3 Quantum Theory of Piezoelectricity
2.4 Phenomenology of Piezoelectricity
2.5 Multifunctionality with Piezoelectricity
Part III  Piezoelectric Materials
3.1 PZT-Based Piezo-Ceramics
3.2 Traditional Piezoelectrics - Rochelle Salt, TGS etc.
3.3 Lithium Niobate, Nithium Tantalate
3.4 Pb-Free Piezo-Ceramics
3.5 Polymer Piezoelectrics
3.6 Advanced Piezoelectric Composites
Part IV  Preparation Technologies of Piezoelectrics
4.1 Piezoelectric Single Crystals
4.2 Thin Film Technologies - Sputtering, Sol-gel
4.3 Thick Film Technologies - Aero-sol Deposition
4.4 Multilayer Piezoelectric Devices - Actuators, Transformers
4.5 Piezoelectric Composite Fabrication Processes
Part V  Drive/Control of Piezoelectric Devices
5.1 Power Supply Fundamentals for Piezoelectric Drivers
5.2 Servo Displacement Drive
5.3 Piezoelectric Pulse Drive 
5.4 Ultrasonic Motor Drive
Part VI  Appications of Piezoelectrics
6.1 Market Research of Piezoelectric Devices
6.2 Sensor Applications
        6.2.1         Piezoelectric Automobile Sensors
        6.2.2         Piezoelectric Bacteria/Virus Sensors
6.3 Piezoelectric Transducers
        6.3.1         Medical Acoustic Transducers
        6.3.2         Underwater Transducers
        6.3.3         Ultrasonc Cleaning
6.4 Piezoelectric Actuators
        6.4.1         Piezoelectric Positioners
        6.4.2         Inkjet Printer Applications
        6.4.3         Diesel Injection Valve Applications
6.5 Ultrasonic Motors
        6.5.1         Piezoelectric Camera Module
        6.5.2         Smooth Impact Drive Method
6.6 Piezoelectric Transformers
6.7 Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting
        6.7.1         Programmable Air-Burst Munition
        6.7.2         Lightening Switch
        6.7.3         Energy Harvesting from Machine Vibration
        6.7.4         Piezo Energy Harvesting for Medical Applications
Part VII Multifunctionaility with Piezoelectrics
7.1 Photostriction - Photovoltaic & Piezoelectricity
7.2 Magnetoelectric Effect - Magnetostriction & Piezoelectricity

If you are interested in contributing a “Section”, “Subsection”, please contact [email protected] for reserving your contribution prior to starting your manuscript.

Prof. Dr. Kenji Uchino
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

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