Design of Building Fire Prevention and Smoke Control

A special issue of Buildings (ISSN 2075-5309). This special issue belongs to the section "Building Materials, and Repair & Renovation".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 September 2022) | Viewed by 3319

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Civil Engineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing, China
Interests: building fire; fire dynamics; building ventilation; CFD; smoke control
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Guest Editor
College of Environment and Safety Engineering, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou 350116, China
Interests: fire safety; fire simulation; tunnel fire
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Guest Editor
School of Thermal Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan, China
Interests: tunnel fire; building ventilation; smoke control; FDS simulation
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

With the development of human society, various new types of buildings continue to emerge. As the places where humans spend most of their time living and working, buildings must be carefully considered for fire safety. Since casualties in building fires are mainly caused by toxic smoke, research on indoor fire smoke control is demanded and meaningful. The aim of this Special Issue is to provide a platform to present the latest developments in building fire prevention and indoor smoke control, and to discuss possible implications in the associated regulations and standards. Original fundamental and applied research into experimental, theoretical and computational modelling and case studies that contribute towards the understanding and improvement of building fire prevention and indoor smoke control are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Building fire dynamics;
  • Smoke characteristics, transport and control in buildings;
  • Performance-based design of building fire;
  • New technologies and methods;
  • Fire modeling and simulation;
  • Human evacuation.

Prof. Dr. Fang Liu
Dr. Longxing Yu
Dr. Shengzhong Zhao
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Buildings is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • building fire
  • fire dynamics
  • building ventilation
  • smoke characteristics
  • CFD
  • smoke control
  • human evacuation

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

37 pages, 9526 KiB  
Article
Numerical Study on Evacuation Evaluation and Strategy of Theater with Rotating Auditorium
by Kang Xiong, Miaocheng Weng, Fang Liu and Yuhan Lu
Buildings 2022, 12(8), 1202; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12081202 - 10 Aug 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2767
Abstract
In recent years, more and more theaters with rotating mechanisms have been built and used, such as theaters with rotating auditoriums. The rotation mechanism in this type of building may lead to the uncertainty of evacuation distances and routes, which undoubtedly poses a [...] Read more.
In recent years, more and more theaters with rotating mechanisms have been built and used, such as theaters with rotating auditoriums. The rotation mechanism in this type of building may lead to the uncertainty of evacuation distances and routes, which undoubtedly poses a higher challenge to performance-based fire protection design. Taking the revolving auditorium theater as an example, this paper proposes a systematic method to solve the problem of randomness in evacuation scenarios. The numerical simulations based on FDS and Pathfinder were carried out, and two improved evacuation strategies for theaters with rotating auditorium were proposed. The results show that the blockage of evacuation exits is an important factor affecting the success of evacuation and the evacuation time. In addition, the establishment of emergency evacuation stairs and rotating auditoriums can effectively reduce the evacuation time. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Design of Building Fire Prevention and Smoke Control)
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