Vet. Sci.2014, 1(1), 3-4; doi:10.3390/vetsci1010003 - published online 12 November 2013 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: Medical science has long been informed by the study of animal physiology and pathophysiology, both spontaneous and induced. Physiologist Claude Bernard studied dogs to better understand pancreatic, hepatic and cardiovascular homeostasis [1,2]. Best and Banting uncovered the function of insulin through studies in experimental dogs . More recent studies of obesity in cats have found similarities and interesting differences in the manifestation of the adverse effects of overnutrition between cats and humans . The complete sequencing of the human and mouse genomes, and deep sequencing of pig, cattle, dog and cat have opened up the opportunity to systematically compare genetic similarities and differences [5,6].
Vet. Sci.2014, 1(1), 1-2; doi:10.3390/vetsci1010001 - published online 12 November 2013 Show/Hide Abstract
Abstract: The study of the pathophysiology and treatment of diseases of domestic animals and wildlife has much to offer to biomedical research as a whole. More importantly, it has great potential to contribute to the health and well-being of all species on the planet. Integrated thinking about animal and human health has been promulgated for centuries. However, although sometimes credited to physician, William Osler, the term “One Medicine” was coined in modern vernacular by Calvin Schwabe, who noted the interaction of humans and animals for nutrition, livelihood and health . More generally, the term emphasizes that there are no fundamental differences between veterinary and human medical principles, and that each contributes knowledge to the other. “One Health” is often considered a broader term as it includes the consideration of ecosystem health, and often represents the overlap of domestic and wild animal health with human public health .