Special Issue "Application of Constructed Wetland Systems for Agricultural Wastewater Treatment in the Mediterranean Region"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472). This special issue belongs to the section "Agricultural Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Mario Licata
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences, Università degli Studi di Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
Interests: constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment; wastewater reuse in agriculture; phytoremediation of contaminated water and soil; industrial crops for energy use; aromatic plants for essential oil production; turfgrass for sport fields; green roof ecosystem functioning
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Wastewaters generated by agro-industrial operations usually represent an unsustainable cost for farms due to high wastewater-treatment management costs. Farmers tend to reuse these wastewaters to contribute to crop fertilization; however, their direct application can have negative effects on the soil environment due to high concentrations of nutrients, organic matter, salts, and pathogens. Furthermore, high organic loads can be a source of pollution for surface waters if these wastewaters are discharged directly into water bodies, leading to eutrophication. In the Mediterranean area, agro-industrial activities provide a large variety of wastewaters, such as dairy parlor, olive mill, and winery wastewaters. These wastewaters can vary in quantity and in quality depending on the time of the year, making the use of a conventional treatment system less efficient and more costly. When considering the geographical position of such farms, most are located close to areas of ecological importance, such as lakes, lagoons, ponds, and open fields; therefore, it is crucial that wastewaters undergo treatment directly on farms. In recent years, the use of constructed wetlands for the treatment of wastewaters has been widely investigated throughout the world due to the benefits these systems offer. They are simple to build, have low maintenance costs, provide an efficient solution in the treatment of a number of wastewater types from agriculture, permit the reuse of wastewaters, and are sustainable compared with conventional treatment methods. In areas with prolonged water scarcity, constructed wetlands can provide other advantages, such as a reduction in freshwater and nutrients consumption for irrigated agriculture. Despite this, the use of constructed wetland systems for agriculture wastewater treatment is still not common amongst farmers, and one of the main reasons could be related to public acceptance and perception of wastewater treatment and reuse. This Special Issue of Agriculture on “Application of Constructed Wetland Systems for Agricultural Wastewater Treatment in the Mediterranean Region” aims to illustrate how constructed wetlands systems are efficient in the treatment of wastewaters generated by agro-industrial activities and how they can provide agronomic, economic, and environmental benefits for farmers. The implementation of current knowledge in this field appears necessary considering policies regarding environmental conservation.

Original research and review papers are welcome. Papers chosen for publication will be selected by a rigorous peer-review procedure with the aim of rapid dissemination of the research results.

Key topics in this Special Issue include, but are not limited to, the following:

-      Agricultural wastewater treatment by constructed wetlands;
-      Dairy, animal farm, olive mill, and winery wastewaters;
-      Efficiency of single and hybrid constructed wetlands systems;
-      Vegetation and porous media choice related to the type of wastewater;
-      Quality improvement of agricultural wastewaters;
-      Environmental benefits in farms;
-      Legislation;
-      Farmer acceptance and perception of agricultural wastewater treatment and reuse;
-      Case studies in the Mediterranean area.

Dr. Mario Licata
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Constructed wetlands
  • Agricultural wastewater
  • Treatment efficiency
  • Water quality
  • Water resources management
  • Environmental conservation
  • Farmer acceptance and perception
  • Advanced applications

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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