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Article

Difficult Cutting Property of NiTi Alloy and Its Mechanism

1
Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shizuoka University, 3-5-1 Johoku Naka-ku, Hamamatsu 432-8561, Japan
2
National Institute of Technology, Numazu College, 3600 Ooka Numazu, Shizuoka 410-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2020, 4(4), 124; https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4040124
Received: 20 November 2020 / Revised: 15 December 2020 / Accepted: 17 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Progress in Precision Machining)
This paper describes the difficult machinability of nickel titanium alloy (NiTi alloy) and its mechanism. As a result of examining the difficult cutting machinability via a turning experiment, NiTi alloy cutting showed larger cutting force, higher cutting temperature, and severe tool wear with plastic deformation of the tool compared to Ti-6Al-4V. In addition, the discharged chips were tangled with the jaw chuck and the cutting tool. As a result of investigating the cause of these difficult machining properties by orthogonal cutting, it was found that the progression of severe flank wear is affected by the elastic recovery due to the super elasticity of the material. The verification of the results according to the shear plane theory suggest that the large deformation resistance of the material is the cause of the increase in cutting temperature. Furthermore, because the cutting temperature exceeds the shape memory transformation temperature, the generated chips are shape memory processed. It was also found that because the generated chips are super elastic, chips are not easily broken and they are lengthened, and are easily entangled with a cutting tool and a jaw chuck. View Full-Text
Keywords: nickel titanium; NiTi alloy; super elasticity; shape memory effect; orthogonal cutting nickel titanium; NiTi alloy; super elasticity; shape memory effect; orthogonal cutting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shizuka, H.; Sakai, K.; Yang, H.; Sonoda, K.; Nagare, T.; Kurebayashi, Y.; Hayakawa, K. Difficult Cutting Property of NiTi Alloy and Its Mechanism. J. Manuf. Mater. Process. 2020, 4, 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4040124

AMA Style

Shizuka H, Sakai K, Yang H, Sonoda K, Nagare T, Kurebayashi Y, Hayakawa K. Difficult Cutting Property of NiTi Alloy and Its Mechanism. Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing. 2020; 4(4):124. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4040124

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shizuka, Hiroo, Katsuhiko Sakai, Hao Yang, Kazuki Sonoda, Tetsuo Nagare, Yuji Kurebayashi, and Kunio Hayakawa. 2020. "Difficult Cutting Property of NiTi Alloy and Its Mechanism" Journal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing 4, no. 4: 124. https://doi.org/10.3390/jmmp4040124

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