Informatics and the Challenge of Determinism (Version 1, Original)
|Reviewer 1 Carlos Silva Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Electrical Engineering Department, Curitiba, Brazil||Reviewer 2 Micah Altman Center for Research on Equitable and Open Scholarship||Reviewer 3 Teresa Guarda Universidad Estatal Peninsula de Santa Elena UPSE, Ecuador; CIST Research and Innovation Centre of UPSE|
Approved with revisions
Approved with revisions
Moore, P.; Pham, H.V. Informatics and the Challenge of Determinism. Sci 2020, 2, 59.
Moore P, Pham HV. Informatics and the Challenge of Determinism. Sci. 2020; 2(3):59.Chicago/Turabian Style
Moore, Philip; Pham, Hai V. 2020. "Informatics and the Challenge of Determinism." Sci 2, no. 3: 59.
Article Access Statistics
Federal University of Paraná (UFPR), Electrical Engineering Department, Curitiba, Brazil
The authors propose an in-deep research and discussion about technological determinism in order to understand the socio-technical impact of novel technologies and disruptive innovation when adopted in ‘real-world’ systems. Still, they describe that determinism is a topic requiring research to generate a suitable level of understanding, and technological determinism remains a significant challenge.
This manuscript presents an in-deep research, and allow those other researchers can use this paper as a reference for new related works. Still, the paper is well-done writing.
A few consideration is presented as below.
- It is noticed that some words such as "organisation" or "To realise social" is written in British English form. For general English form, It is used "organization" and "realize". I suggest make a review about it.
- In addition to process based on classical development techniques such as sequential, evolution process, or iterative procedures, how capability and maturity models such as CMMI can be considered in ISD? The same can be extended to Agile processes, such as Scrum and XP.
- Section 5.4 describes related works where is shown in relation to DI. At 5.4.6 communication technologies are mentioned, i.e., 5G. However, predominant networks such as WiFi deserves minimal focus.
- Suggestion: Use tables in order to do comparatives between cited works due to a large set of papers used in this paper.
- Section 8 presents the proposed ISD approach. What techniques or methods can be used to evaluate the proposed ISD?
Response to Reviewer 1Sent on 26 Sep 2020 by Philip Moore, Hai Van Pham
Center for Research on Equitable and Open Scholarship
After reading (and rereading) this article and several it cites, I am unable to discern a coherent thesis or analysis within it. This conclusion generated some cognitive dissonance since by the time I was assigned to it the article had survived both bench rejection and one external reviewer. So, I reexamined it looking for a specific insight or finding that may I may have missed -- but now conclude that this article does not present a coherent argument, provide a reliable review, or report any advance of significance.
Most of the body of the article is devoted to stating the definition of terms and concepts (drawn from other sources), and enumerating examples. These appear to be connected only syntactically and tangentially, without a coherent meaning.
The article liberal use of borrowed definitions and bulleted examples serve to fill space, rather than add weight to an argument or substance to a synthesis. In contrast, the use of jargon, acronyms, citation (including frequent self-citation) in lieu of explanation, vacuous abstract diagrams, irrelevant excerpted technical figures, and empty mathematization serve to obfuscate and distract. This type of distraction is exemplified by Equation 1 in section 8.1, which appears without context, introduces vaguely defined terms and presents them in mathematical formalism, has no clear implications (another paper by the author is cited in lieu of explanation), and is promptly abandoned.
The two examples below illustrate these defects. (Note also that the typos and grammatical infelicities are verbatim, and are representative of the paper generally.)
A feature of many applications and systems (including social network platforms and marketing applications such as Amazon (Amazon: https://www.amazon.co.uk/) is the use of recommender systems (RS) . RS are generally context-aware provide ‘push’ recommendations based on browsing history and expressed preferences and historical search and purchase history. Web search engines and RS are among today’s most ubiquitous, pervasive, and successful applications; for example, ‘Google’ (a noun) is also used as a verb (to ‘google’—meaning to search using a web browser over the Internet). We are increasingly reliant on such technology to search for information, ‘online’ shopping, or when we stream videos . This is an example of technology ‘shaping’ society on socio-technical and socio-economic levels where the influence of technology is reflected in TD.
In Section 3, we introduced the hard, soft, and neutral determinist views. There is a perceived correlation between the textitsoft, and neutral determinist views and the rational actor, materiality, subversive rationalisation, and voluntaristic theories. The rational actor theory argues that the negative social affects may be outcomes that people deliberately intend to achieve (or) users might anticipate the medium’s risks and take steps intended to ward off negative effects. The materiality theory proposes the conflation between the material and the social with the distinction between determinism and voluntarism. There are those who adopt the view that society and/or culture interacts with, and may even contribute to, the ‘shaping’ of technologies. However, a TD view argues that technology use is largely determined by the structure of the technology. Interestingly, an inevitably thesis has been proposed  which states that “once a technology is introduced (into society or culture) what follows is the inevitable development of the technology”
Response to Reviewer 2Sent on 26 Sep 2020 by Philip Moore, Hai Van Pham
Universidad Estatal Peninsula de Santa Elena UPSE, Ecuador; CIST Research and Innovation Centre of UPSE
The article is well structured and written, needing only a small revision to a few words in British English.
Section 5.4 should be more balanced in the detail of each of the subsections
The figures presented should have better quality and a more professional look.
In section 8 it is not clear what techniques \ methods will be used to assess the proposed ISD.
Response to Reviewer 3Sent on 26 Sep 2020 by Philip Moore, Hai Van Pham
School of Computing and Information Systems, Faculty of Science and Technology, Athabasca University, 1 University Drive, Athabasca, AB T9S 3A3, Canada