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Open AccessArticle

Risk Perception and Its Influencing Factors among Construction Workers in Malawi

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Malawi College of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 30368, Lilongwe 3, Malawi
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The Polytechnic, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Malawi, Private Bag 303, Blantyre 3, Malawi
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Toxicology Department, National institute for Occupational Health, Johannesburg 2001, South Africa
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Safety 2020, 6(2), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/safety6020033
Received: 3 April 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 15 June 2020 / Published: 24 June 2020
This study employed a deductive research approach and a survey strategy to assess risk perception and its influencing factors among construction workers in Malawi. Three specific construction hazards and their associated risks were selected. The hazards were “working at height (WAH)” “manual handling of loads (MHL)” and “heavy workload or intense pressure to be more productive (HWP).” The study engaged multistage sampling of 376 subjects. Univariate analysis, factor analysis and multiple linear regressions were performed in order to determine the main influencing factors among the independent variables. The study established that workers were aware of risks posed by their work. The majority perceived the risk associated with WAH, MHL and HWP as very high (62.7%, =8.80 ± 1.95); (48.5%, =8.10 ± 2.38); (57.9%, =8.49 ± 2.22) respectively. The study identified six factors as variables that showed a significant effect on workers’ perception of risk (p < 0.05). These factors were: “dreaded factor,” “avoidability and controllability,” “expert knowledge,” “personal knowledge,” “education level,” and “age”. It is concluded that contractors in the Malawian construction industry should integrate analysis of behaviors and risk perception of the workers and other players to guide the identification of better health and safety interventions at their worksites. View Full-Text
Keywords: risk perception; safety; construction; workers; working at height; manual handling; workload; Malawi risk perception; safety; construction; workers; working at height; manual handling; workload; Malawi
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Chaswa, E.N.; Kosamu, I.B.M.; Kumwenda, S.; Utembe, W. Risk Perception and Its Influencing Factors among Construction Workers in Malawi. Safety 2020, 6, 33.

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