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Open AccessCommunication

Biofunctional Textiles for Aging Skin

1
Dermatol Unit, Campania University, “Luigi Vanvitelli”, 80100 Naples, Italy
2
Dermatol Department, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China
3
ISCD Nanoscience Research Center, 00165 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Biomedicines 2019, 7(3), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines7030051
Received: 14 May 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 17 July 2019
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Abstract

The skin is the largest organ in the human body, acting as the first protective barrier against the external environment aggression, such as UV rays and atmospheric nanoparticulate pollutants. On the one hand, the skin employs different antioxidant agents to protect its natural oxidative balance. On the other hand, ageing phenomena are the main cause of skin barrier damages, leading to a disequilibrium in the physiological redox system. Thus, the necessity to find new innovative cosmetic means, such as biodegradable non-woven tissues able to load, carry and release active ingredients in the right skin layers. These innovative cosmetic tissues can not only protect the skin from toxic environmental agents, but may balance the natural skin barrier, also acting as anti-aging agents when their fibers are bound to the right ingredients. The proposed tissues, consisting of polysaccharide natural fibers made of chitin nanofibrils and nanochitin, seem to be an ideal candidate for the production of new and effective biofunctional textiles, also because they are able to mimic the skin’s extra cellular matrix (ECM) when electrospun. These innovative cosmeceuticals have shown the possibility of being used for food formulations as well as for topic anti-aging agents, having shown an interesting repairing effectiveness on skin and also on hair. Thus, they could be used both as active ingredient and as skin smart active carriers in substitution of normal emulsions, being also biodegradable, free of chemicals, and obtainable from waste material. View Full-Text
Keywords: skin barrier; skin redox; biofunctional textiles; chitin nanofibrils; nanolignin; air pollution; nanoparticulate; reactive oxygen species; environment; cosmeceuticals skin barrier; skin redox; biofunctional textiles; chitin nanofibrils; nanolignin; air pollution; nanoparticulate; reactive oxygen species; environment; cosmeceuticals
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Morganti, P.; Morganti, G.; Colao, C. Biofunctional Textiles for Aging Skin. Biomedicines 2019, 7, 51.

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