Next Article in Journal
Expression Analysis of Key Auxin Biosynthesis, Transport, and Metabolism Genes of Betula pendula with Special Emphasis on Figured Wood Formation in Karelian Birch
Next Article in Special Issue
Population Structure and Genetic Diversity of Cucurbita moschata Based on Genome-Wide High-Quality SNPs
Previous Article in Journal
Ailanthus altissima Forests Determine a Shift in Herbaceous Layer Richness: A Paired Comparison with Hardwood Native Forests in Sub-Mediterranean Europe
Article

Development of Interspecific Hybrids between a Cultivated Eggplant Resistant to Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) and Eggplant Wild Relatives for the Development of Rootstocks

1
Horticulture Department, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kafrelsheikh, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt
2
World Vegetable Center, P.O. Box 42, Tainan 74199, Taiwan
3
Department of Plant Pathology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 40277, Taiwan
4
Research Institute of Plant Pathology, Agricultural Research Centre (ARC), Giza 12619, Egypt
5
Joint Research Unit for the Valorization and Breeding of Horticultural Landraces, Instituto de Conservación y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana, Universitat Politècnica de València, 46022 Valencia, Spain
6
Joint Research Unit for the Valorization and Breeding of Horticultural Landraces, Fundació Miquel Agustí, BarcelonaTech, 08860 Castelldefels, Spain
7
Vegetable Crops Research Department, Horticulture Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza 12619, Egypt
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(10), 1405; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101405
Received: 10 September 2020 / Revised: 19 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Plant Breeding)
Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacerum is one of the most economically and destructive eggplant diseases in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. The objectives of this study were to develop interspecific hybrids, as potential rootstocks, between the eggplant (Solanum melongena) bacterial wilt resistant line EG203 and four wild accessions (S. incanum UPV1, S. insanum UPV2, S.anguivi UPV3, and S. sisymbriifolium UPV4), and to evaluate interspecific hybrids along with parents for resistance to bacterial wilt strains Pss97 and Pss2016. EG203 was crossed successfully with wild accessions UPV2 and UPV3 and produced viable seeds that germinated when wild accessions were used as a maternal parent in the crosses. In addition, viable interspecific hybrids between EG203 and UPV1 were obtained in both directions of the hybridization, although embryo rescue had to be used. Hybridity was confirmed in the four developed interspecific hybrid combinations with three SSR markers. EG203 was resistant to both strains Pss97 and Pss2016, while UPV1 and UPV3 were, respectively, resistant and moderately resistant to Pss2016. The four interspecific hybrids with UPV2, UPV3, and UPV1 were susceptible to both bacterial wilt strains, indicating that the resistance of EG203, UPV1, and UPV3 behaves as recessive in interspecific crosses. However, given the vigor of interspecific hybrids between eggplant and the three cultivated wild species, these hybrids may be of interest as rootstocks. However, the development of interspecific hybrid rootstocks resistant to bacterial wilt will probably require the identification of new sources of dominant resistance to this pathogen in the eggplant wild relatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: biotic stress; disease resistance; embryo rescue; Solanum melongena; SSR markers; wild accessions biotic stress; disease resistance; embryo rescue; Solanum melongena; SSR markers; wild accessions
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Rakha, M.; Namisy, A.; Chen, J.-R.; El-Mahrouk, M.E.; Metwally, E.; Taha, N.; Prohens, J.; Plazas, M.; Taher, D. Development of Interspecific Hybrids between a Cultivated Eggplant Resistant to Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) and Eggplant Wild Relatives for the Development of Rootstocks. Plants 2020, 9, 1405. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101405

AMA Style

Rakha M, Namisy A, Chen J-R, El-Mahrouk ME, Metwally E, Taha N, Prohens J, Plazas M, Taher D. Development of Interspecific Hybrids between a Cultivated Eggplant Resistant to Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) and Eggplant Wild Relatives for the Development of Rootstocks. Plants. 2020; 9(10):1405. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101405

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rakha, Mohamed, Ahmed Namisy, Jaw-Rong Chen, Mohammed E. El-Mahrouk, Elmahdy Metwally, Naglaa Taha, Jaime Prohens, Mariola Plazas, and Dalia Taher. 2020. "Development of Interspecific Hybrids between a Cultivated Eggplant Resistant to Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia solanacearum) and Eggplant Wild Relatives for the Development of Rootstocks" Plants 9, no. 10: 1405. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9101405

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop