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Plants 2018, 7(3), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants7030049

Axial and Radial Spatial Patterns of Non-Structural Carbohydrates in Cycas micronesica Stems

College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Guam, UOG Station, Mangilao, GU 96923, USA
Received: 11 June 2018 / Revised: 20 June 2018 / Accepted: 21 June 2018 / Published: 22 June 2018
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Abstract

The pachycaulous stem of arborescent cycad species exhibits unique traits and has received limited research. To date, nothing is known about the axial and radial spatial patterns of non-structural resources within cycad stems. Cycas micronesica K.D. Hill stem tissue was collected from apical and basal axial positions of ca. 100-cm tall plants to serve as two axial regions; and from pith, vascular, and cortex tissues to serve as three radial regions. Starch and four free sugars were quantified. These stems contained more starch than any of the individual sugars, and sucrose concentration exceeded that of fructose and glucose, which exceeded that of maltose. Total non-structural carbohydrate was least in basal vascular tissue (225 mg·g−1) and greatest in apical pith tissue (379 mg·g−1). Axial differences in NSC concentrations were negligible but radial differences were substantial. These results combine with past research to validate the non-woody cycad stem contains copious nonstructural resources available for deployment to ephemeral sinks during critical times of need. View Full-Text
Keywords: cycad; fructose; glucose; maltose; sucrose; starch cycad; fructose; glucose; maltose; sucrose; starch
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Marler, T.E. Axial and Radial Spatial Patterns of Non-Structural Carbohydrates in Cycas micronesica Stems. Plants 2018, 7, 49.

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