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Modified Continuum Mechanics Modeling on Size-Dependent Properties of Piezoelectric Nanomaterials: A Review

by Zhi Yan 1,2,* and Liying Jiang 3
1
Department of Mechanics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
2
Hubei Key Laboratory of Engineering Structural Analysis and Safety Assessment, Luoyu Road 1037, Wuhan 430074, China
3
Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 5B9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Nann
Nanomaterials 2017, 7(2), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano7020027
Received: 15 December 2016 / Revised: 16 January 2017 / Accepted: 18 January 2017 / Published: 26 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Piezoelectric Nanomaterials)
Piezoelectric nanomaterials (PNs) are attractive for applications including sensing, actuating, energy harvesting, among others in nano-electro-mechanical-systems (NEMS) because of their excellent electromechanical coupling, mechanical and physical properties. However, the properties of PNs do not coincide with their bulk counterparts and depend on the particular size. A large amount of efforts have been devoted to studying the size-dependent properties of PNs by using experimental characterization, atomistic simulation and continuum mechanics modeling with the consideration of the scale features of the nanomaterials. This paper reviews the recent progresses and achievements in the research on the continuum mechanics modeling of the size-dependent mechanical and physical properties of PNs. We start from the fundamentals of the modified continuum mechanics models for PNs, including the theories of surface piezoelectricity, flexoelectricity and non-local piezoelectricity, with the introduction of the modified piezoelectric beam and plate models particularly for nanostructured piezoelectric materials with certain configurations. Then, we give a review on the investigation of the size-dependent properties of PNs by using the modified continuum mechanics models, such as the electromechanical coupling, bending, vibration, buckling, wave propagation and dynamic characteristics. Finally, analytical modeling and analysis of nanoscale actuators and energy harvesters based on piezoelectric nanostructures are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: piezoelectric nanomaterials; continuum mechanics modeling; size-dependent properties; surface effects; flexoelectricity; non-local theory piezoelectric nanomaterials; continuum mechanics modeling; size-dependent properties; surface effects; flexoelectricity; non-local theory
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Yan, Z.; Jiang, L. Modified Continuum Mechanics Modeling on Size-Dependent Properties of Piezoelectric Nanomaterials: A Review. Nanomaterials 2017, 7, 27.

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