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Open AccessArticle

Smallholder-Based Oil Palm and Rubber Production in the Forest Region of Guinea: An Exploratory Analysis of Household Food Security Outcomes

1
Integrated Research System for Sustainability Sciences (IR3S), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Studies (UTIAS), The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8654, Japan
2
Département de Technologie et Contrôle des Produits Alimentaires (TCPA), Institut Supérieur des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaire (ISSMV), Tangama 2, Dalaba BP 09, Guinea
3
WorldFish, Jalan Batu Maung, Batu Maung, 11960 Bayan Lepas, Penang, Malaysia, P.O. Box 500 GPO, Penang 10670, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agriculture 2019, 9(2), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9020041
Received: 31 January 2019 / Revised: 17 February 2019 / Accepted: 19 February 2019 / Published: 22 February 2019
The Guinean government has promoted the large-scale production of industrial crops such as oil palm and rubber through the Guinean Oil Palm and Rubber Company (SOGUIPAH). Smallholder-based production of these crops has also been promoted to boost rural development but the food security outcomes are unclear. This exploratory study assesses the food security outcomes of smallholder-based oil palm and rubber production at the household level using six standardized metrics of food security. We compare households involved in industrial crop production and households that only grow food crops under subsistence conditions through statistical tools such as Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Endogenous Treatment Effect Regression (ETER). Overall, results suggest that oil palm and rubber smallholders perform better than subsistence farmers on metrics that capture perceptions of hunger and coping behaviors but perform worse for food diversity metrics. We hypothesize that this discrepancy can possibly be explained by the strong sense of security that steady income provides across time, which outweighs the shortcomings of diet diversity. The results of this exploratory study can inform the development of more detailed assessments of the food security outcomes of interventions implemented by SOGUIPAH in the area (and the mechanism through which these impacts emerge). View Full-Text
Keywords: food consumption score (FCS); household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS); coping strategy index (CSI); industrial crops; Sub-Sahara Africa food consumption score (FCS); household food insecurity access scale (HFIAS); coping strategy index (CSI); industrial crops; Sub-Sahara Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balde, B.S.; Diawara, M.; Rossignoli, C.M.; Gasparatos, A. Smallholder-Based Oil Palm and Rubber Production in the Forest Region of Guinea: An Exploratory Analysis of Household Food Security Outcomes. Agriculture 2019, 9, 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9020041

AMA Style

Balde BS, Diawara M, Rossignoli CM, Gasparatos A. Smallholder-Based Oil Palm and Rubber Production in the Forest Region of Guinea: An Exploratory Analysis of Household Food Security Outcomes. Agriculture. 2019; 9(2):41. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9020041

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balde, Boubacar S.; Diawara, Mamady; Rossignoli, Cristiano M.; Gasparatos, Alexandros. 2019. "Smallholder-Based Oil Palm and Rubber Production in the Forest Region of Guinea: An Exploratory Analysis of Household Food Security Outcomes" Agriculture 9, no. 2: 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture9020041

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