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Role of Venous Sampling in the Diagnosis of Endocrine Disorders

1
Interventional Radiology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
2
Multidisciplinary Pituitary and Skull Base Tumor Center, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
3
Endocrine Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10065, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7(5), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm7050114
Received: 30 March 2018 / Revised: 8 May 2018 / Accepted: 9 May 2018 / Published: 14 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Image Guided Interventions and Emerging Technologies)
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Abstract

Venous sampling is the gold standard for localizing abnormal hormone secretion in several endocrine disorders. The most common indication for venous sampling is in the workup of primary aldosteronism, adrenocorticotropic hormone-dependent Cushing’s syndrome, and hyperparathyroidism. In experienced hands, venous sampling is safe and accurate. This review discusses the role of venous sampling in the workup of endocrine disease, describing the underlying anatomy and pathophysiology, as an understanding of these concepts is essential for technical and clinical success. View Full-Text
Keywords: venous sampling; primary aldosteronism; Cushing’s disease; hyperparathyroidism; inferior petrosal sinus; adrenal vein venous sampling; primary aldosteronism; Cushing’s disease; hyperparathyroidism; inferior petrosal sinus; adrenal vein
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England, R.W.; Geer, E.B.; Deipolyi, A.R. Role of Venous Sampling in the Diagnosis of Endocrine Disorders. J. Clin. Med. 2018, 7, 114.

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