Next Article in Journal
A Dual Perspective of the Action of Lysine on Soybean Oil Oxidation Process Obtained by Combining 1H NMR and LC–MS: Antioxidant Effect and Generation of Lysine–Aldehyde Adducts
Previous Article in Journal
Relationships Between Chemical Structure and Antioxidant Activity of Isolated Phytocompounds from Lemon Verbena
 
 
Article

Comparison of Phenolic Compounds and the Antioxidant Activities of Fifteen Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat cv. ‘Hangbaiju’ in China

1
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China
2
Zhejiang Provincial Key Lab for Biological and Chemical Processing Technologies of Farm Product, School of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, Zhejiang, China
3
School of Agriculture and Food, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia
4
College of Food Engineering and Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Antioxidants 2019, 8(8), 325; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8080325
Received: 28 June 2019 / Revised: 7 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 20 August 2019
This study investigated the phenolic compounds of 15 Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat cv. ‘Hangbaiju’, including 6 ‘Duoju’ and 9 ‘Taiju’, using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The antioxidant activities of these ‘Hangbaiju’ were estimated by DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assays. Results show that a total of 14 phenolic compounds were detected in these flowers, including 3 mono-caffeoylquinic acids, 3 di-caffeoylquinic acids, 1 phenolic acid and 7 flavonoids. ‘Duoju’ and ‘Taiju’ possess different concentrations of phenolic compounds, and ‘Taiju’ exhibits higher caffeoylquinic acids and stronger antioxidant activities than ‘Duoju’. Caffeoylquinic acids show a strong correlation with the antioxidant activities of the samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) reveals an obvious separation between ‘Duoju’ and ‘Taiju’, using phenolic compounds as variables. Apigenin-7-O-glucoside, 3,5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid, luteolin and acacetin were found to be the key phenolic compounds to differentiate ‘Duoju’ from ‘Taiju’. View Full-Text
Keywords: chrysanthemum; HPLC; phenolic compounds; principal component analysis; antioxidant capacity chrysanthemum; HPLC; phenolic compounds; principal component analysis; antioxidant capacity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Gong, J.; Chu, B.; Gong, L.; Fang, Z.; Zhang, X.; Qiu, S.; Wang, J.; Xiang, Y.; Xiao, G.; Yuan, H.; Zheng, F. Comparison of Phenolic Compounds and the Antioxidant Activities of Fifteen Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat cv. ‘Hangbaiju’ in China. Antioxidants 2019, 8, 325. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8080325

AMA Style

Gong J, Chu B, Gong L, Fang Z, Zhang X, Qiu S, Wang J, Xiang Y, Xiao G, Yuan H, Zheng F. Comparison of Phenolic Compounds and the Antioxidant Activities of Fifteen Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat cv. ‘Hangbaiju’ in China. Antioxidants. 2019; 8(8):325. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8080325

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gong, Jinyan, Bingquan Chu, Lingxiao Gong, Zhongxiang Fang, Xiaoxu Zhang, Shaoping Qiu, Jingjing Wang, Yali Xiang, Gongnian Xiao, Haina Yuan, and Fuping Zheng. 2019. "Comparison of Phenolic Compounds and the Antioxidant Activities of Fifteen Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat cv. ‘Hangbaiju’ in China" Antioxidants 8, no. 8: 325. https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox8080325

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop