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Antioxidants 2018, 7(11), 169; https://doi.org/10.3390/antiox7110169

Reactive Oxygen Species and the Redox-Regulatory Network in Cold Stress Acclimation

Department of Biochemistry and Physiology of Plants, Faculty of Biology, University of Bielefeld, 33615 Bielefeld, Germany
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Received: 31 October 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 16 November 2018 / Published: 21 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thioredoxin and Glutaredoxin Systems)
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Abstract

Cold temperatures restrict plant growth, geographical extension of plant species, and agricultural practices. This review deals with cold stress above freezing temperatures often defined as chilling stress. It focuses on the redox regulatory network of the cell under cold temperature conditions. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) function as the final electron sink in this network which consists of redox input elements, transmitters, targets, and sensors. Following an introduction to the critical network components which include nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH)-dependent thioredoxin reductases, thioredoxins, and peroxiredoxins, typical laboratory experiments for cold stress investigations will be described. Short term transcriptome and metabolome analyses allow for dissecting the early responses of network components and complement the vast data sets dealing with changes in the antioxidant system and ROS. This review gives examples of how such information may be integrated to advance our knowledge on the response and function of the redox regulatory network in cold stress acclimation. It will be exemplarily shown that targeting the redox network might be beneficial and supportive to improve cold stress acclimation and plant yield in cold climate. View Full-Text
Keywords: chilling stress; cold temperature; posttranslational modification; regulation; ROS; thiol redox network; thioredoxin chilling stress; cold temperature; posttranslational modification; regulation; ROS; thiol redox network; thioredoxin
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Dreyer, A.; Dietz, K.-J. Reactive Oxygen Species and the Redox-Regulatory Network in Cold Stress Acclimation. Antioxidants 2018, 7, 169.

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